Family Facts and Figures Glossary

Definitions

Terms are defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics

Age-specific divorce rates
The number of divorces recorded in the calendar year, by age at decree made absolute, to the estimated resident population of the same age at 30 June.
Blended family
A couple family containing two or more children, of whom at least one is the natural child of both members of the couple, and at least one is the stepchild of either member of the couple. (see also Intact family, Step family)
Child
A person of any age who is a natural, step or foster son or daughter of a couple or lone parent, usually resident in the same household, and who does not have a child or partner of their own usually resident in the household.
Cohabitation (also called 'de facto relationship')
A couple living together in a consensual union when not legally married to each other (that is, when not in a registered marriage). The trends outlined here are restricted to heterosexual relationships.
Couple family
A family based on two persons who are in a registered or de facto marriage and who are usually resident in the same household. A couple family without children may have other relatives, such as ancestors, present. A couple family with children may have adult children and/or other relatives present. (see also One-parent family)
Crude divorce rate
The number of decrees absolute granted during the calendar year per 1000 estimated resident population at 30 June.
Crude marriage rate
The number of of marriages registered during the calendar year per 1000 estimated resident population at 30 June.
Dependent children
All family members under 15 years of age; family members aged 15-19 years attending school or aged 15-24 yeas attending a tertiary educational institution full-time (except those classified as husbands, wives or lone parents). (see also Non-dependent children)
Family
Two or more persons, one of whom is aged 15 years and over, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering; and who are usually resident in the same household. (see also Household)
(Total) Fertility rate
The sum of age-specific fertility rates (live births at each age of mother per female population of that age). It represents the number of children a female would bear during her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates at each age of her reproductive life.
Formal care
Regulated care away from the child's home. The main types of formal care include before and/or after school care, long day care, family day care, occasional care and preschool.
Group household
A household consisting of two or more unrelated people where all persons are aged 15 years or over. There are no reported couple relationships, parent-child relationships or other blood relationships in these households.
Household
A group of two or more related or unrelated people who usually reside in the same dwelling and who make common provision for food or other essentials for living; or a person living in a dwelling who makes provision for his or her own food and other essentials for living without combining with any other person. Thus a household may consist of:
  • One person;
  • One family;
  • One family and unrelated individual(s);
  • Related families with or without unrelated individual(s);
  • Unrelated families with or without unrelated individual(s);
  • Unrelated individuals.
(see also Family)
Informal care
Non-regulated care, arranged by a child's parent/guardian, either in the child's home or elsewhere. It comprises care by brothers or sisters (including step siblings), care by grandparents, care by other relatives (including a parent living elsewhere), care by other people such as friends, neighbours, nannies or babysitters.
Intact family
A couple family containing at least one child who is the natural or foster child of both members of the couple, and no child who is the stepchild of either member of the couple. (see also Blended family, Step family)
Lone person
A person who makes provision for his or her food and other essentials for living, without combining with any other person to form part of a multi-person household. He or she may live in a dwelling on their own or share a dwelling with another individual or family.
Marriage:
Age-specific first marriage rates
For men (or women), the age-specific first marriages rates are obtained by dividing the number of first marriages of men (or women) of a given age by the number of never married men (or women) in the same age at June 30.
Median age at first marriage
The age at which half of the first-time grooms (or first time brides) is older and half of is younger.
Median value
The middle value in a distribution such as age and duration which separate a relevant population or sample into two equal groups, with one above the value and the other below the value.
Non-dependent children
In couple or one-parent families, sons or daughters who are aged over 15 years and who are not full-time students aged 15-24 years (except those classified as husbands, wives or lone parents). (see also Dependent children)
One-parent family
A family consisting of a lone parent with at least one dependent or non-dependent child (regardless of age) who is also usually resident in the household. The family may also include any number of other dependent children, non-dependent children and other related individuals. (see also Couple family)
Other family
A family of related individuals residing in the same household. These individuals do not form a couple or parent-child relationship with any other person in the household and are not attached to a couple or one-parent family in the household. For example, a household consisting of a brother and sister only.
Step family
A couple family containing one or more children, at least one of whom is the stepchild of either member of the couple and none of whom is the natural or foster child of both members of the couple. (see also Blended family, Intact family)

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