Gambling activity in Australia

Findings from wave 15 of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey
Research Report – November 2017


Term Description
Bingo A game in which players mark off numbers on cards as the numbers are drawn randomly, the winner being the first person to mark off all their numbers.
Casino table games Casino games played at a table including roulette, craps and card games such as black jack and baccarat. Tables games usually involve a dealer and participants wager on the outcome of the game.
Expenditure (participant net loss / operator gross profit) The net amount spent/lost or, in other words, the amount wagered less the amount won, by people who gamble. Conversely, by definition, it is gross profit (or gross winnings) due to the operators of each particular gambling activity.
Electronic Gaming Machines (EGMs) Also known as "slots', "pokies', "poker machines" and "fruit machines'. EGMs usually have three or more computer-simulated reels which "spin" when a button is pushed. When winning symbols line up a prize is awarded.
Equivalised household disposable income The total income of a household, after personal income tax and Medicare levy deductions, that is available for spending or saving, divided by the number of household members converted into equalised adults using the OECD equivalence scale.
Household composition Single adult household (one adult aged 15 or more); Couple only household (2 persons aged 15+ who identify as a couple), Household with children (one or more adults aged 15+ living with one or more children aged less than 15); Multiple adult household (2 or more persons aged 15+, excluding couple only households).
Household income quintile Households grouped according to total household income, from lowest to highest, with approximately 20% of households in each group.
Gambling The placement of a wager or bet on the outcome of a future uncertain event. Participation may occur online or offline. The statistics presented in this publication include but are not limited to legalised regulated gambling activities operated by Australian businesses. They include for instance, private betting and in-play sports betting on offshore sites.
Gambling problems Gambling problems are indicated by endorsing one or more items on the Problem Gambling Severity Index. The items include gambling behaviours that either caused or put people at risk of problems.
Grocery expenditure Total household expenditure on food, cleaning products, pet food and personal care products. Does not include alcohol or tobacco.
Instant scratch tickets Commonly known as "scratchies", where a player scratches a coating off the ticket to identify whether the ticket is a winner.
Keno Keno is a rapid-draw game where a player gambles that their chosen numbers match any of the 20 numbers randomly selected from a group of 80 numbers via a computer system or a ball-draw device.
Lotto or lottery games Common lotto or lottery games include Tattslotto, Gold Lotto, Lotto, X-Lotto and Powerball. Lotto is a game where a player selects any six numbers from 1 to 45 in anticipation that those numbers will be among eight numbered balls, randomly drawn from a ball-draw device containing 45 balls numbered from 1 to 45. The first six of the eight balls drawn are known as the "winning numbers" and the last two balls are called "supplementary numbers". Lotteries may also include less defined activities which broadly involve the purchase of a ticket, a draw and a prize.
Private betting This may include unregulated informal betting on games such as cards or mah-jong, or other agreed-upon outcomes, often with friends or family.
Poker Poker refers to a group of card games in which the winner of each hand is determined according to the combinations of players' cards, at least some of which remain hidden until the end of the hand.
Race betting Wagering on the outcome of horse and greyhound races, excluding all sweeps.
Regular gamblers Adults who spent money on one or more gambling activities in a typical month of 2015.
SEIFA Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) ranks areas in Australia according to relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage. The indexes are based on information from the five-yearly Census.
Sports betting Wagering on local, national or international sporting activities (other than horse and greyhound racing).
Significant difference (statistical) A difference that is highly unlikely due to chance.
Utility expenditure Total household expenditure on electricity bills, gas bills and other heating fuel such as firewood and heating oil. Does not include water, telephone or internet bills.
Weighted data Data collected from survey participants are adjusted to represent the population from which the sample was drawn. For instance, data from the 17,606 wave 15 HILDA Survey participants are adjusted so that together they represent the total population of Australia.