Gambling in Suburban Australia

Research Report – March 2019

References

Gambling Regulation Act 2003 (Vic.)

Alves, L. (2010). Suburban heartland: A history of the City of Whitehorse. Richmond: Utber & Patullo Publishing.

Armstrong, A., & Carroll, M. (2017). Gambling activity in Australia. Melbourne: AIFS.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2016). 5506.0 - Taxation revenue, Australia, 2014-15. Canberra: ABS. Retrieved from www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/5506.0

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). 2008.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Nature and content, Australia 2016. Canberra: ABS. Retrieved from www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/censushome.nsf/home/2016

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2018). 2033.0.55.001 - Census of Population and Housing: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), Australia, 2016. Canberra: ABS. Retrieved from www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/2033.0.55.0012016?OpenDocument

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (AIHW). (2018). Burden of Disease Overview. Canberra: AIHW. Retrieved from www.aihw.gov.au/reports-statistics/health-conditions-disability-deaths/burden-of-disease/overview

Berkman, L. F., & Glass, T. (2000). Social integration, social networks, social support, and health. Social Epidemiology, 1, 137-173.

Bestman, A., Thomas, S., Randle, M., & Pitt, H. (2017). Children's attitudes towards Electronic Gambling Machines: An exploratory qualitative study of children who attend community clubs. Harm Reduction Journal, 14(1), 20. doi:10.1186/s12954-017-0148-z

Bestman, A., Thomas, S., Randle, M., Pitt, H., Daube, M., & Pettigrew, S. (2016). Shaping pathways to gambling consumption? An analysis of the promotion of gambling and non-gambling activities from gambling venues. Addiction Research & Theory, 24(2), 152-162.

Black, D. W., Coryell, W., Crowe, R., McCormick, B., Shaw, M., & Allen, J. (2015). Suicide ideations, suicide attempts, and completed suicide in persons with pathological gambling and their first-degree relatives. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 45(6), 700-709.

Blaszczynski, A., & Farrell, E. (1998). A case series of 44 completed gambling-related suicides. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14(2), 93-109.

Boardman, J. D., Finch, B. K., Ellison, C. G., Williams, D. R., & Jackson, J. S. (2001). Neighborhood disadvantage, stress, and drug use among adults. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 151-165.

Browne, M., Greer, N., Armstrong, T., Doran, C., Kinchin, I., Langham, E., & Rockloff, M. (2017). The social cost of gambling to Victoria. Melbourne: Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation.

Browne, M., Langham, E., Rawat, V., Greer, N., Li, E., Rose, J. et al. (2016). Assessing gambling-related harm in Victoria: a public health perspective. Melbourne: Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation.

Carmignani, F., & Eslake, S. (2018, 21 February). FactCheck: are 5,000 jobs at risk if pokies are banned in Tasmania? The Conversation.

Commission on Social Determinants of Health. (2008). Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity though action on the social determinants of health. Geneva: Commission on Social Determinants of Health.

Delfabbro, P., Thomas, A., & Armstrong, A. (2016). Observable indicators and behaviors for the identification of problem gamblers in venue environments. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 5(3), 419-428.

Doran, B., & Young, M. (2010). Predicting the spatial distribution of gambling vulnerability: An application of gravity modeling using ABS Mesh Blocks. Applied Geography, 30(1), 141-152. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2009.04.002

Dowling, N., Suomi, A., Jackson, A., Lavis, T., Patford, J., Cockman, S. et al. (2016). Problem gambling and intimate partner violence: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 17(1), 43-61.

Ferris, J., & Wynne, H. (2001). The Canadian Problem Gambling Index: Final report. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse.

Ford, O. (2001). Harvester town: The making of Sunshine 1890-1925. Sunshine: Sunshine & District Historical Society Incorporated.

Ford, O. (2012). Harvester city: The making of multicultural Sunshine 1939-1975. Sunshine: Sunshine & District Historical Society Incorporated.

Fusch, P. I., & Ness, L. R. (2015). Are we there yet? Data saturation in qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, 20(9), 1408.

Galletta, A. (2013). Mastering the semi-structured interview and beyond: From research design to analysis and publication. New York: NYU Press.

Goodwin, B. C., Browne, M., Rockloff, M., & Rose, J. (2017). A typical problem gambler affects six others. International Gambling Studies, 1-20. doi:10.1080/14459795.2017.1331252

Gostin, L., & Powers, M. (2006). What does social justice require for the public's health? Public health ethics and policy imperatives. Health Affairs, 25(4), 1053-1060. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.25.4.1053

Guest, G., Bunce, A., & Johnson, L. (2006). How many interviews are enough? An experiment with data saturation and variability. Field methods, 18(1), 59-82.

Henry, K., Harmer, J., Piggott, J., Ridout, H., & Smith, G. (2010). Australia's future tax system review. Canberra: Commonwealth Treasury.

Jekel, J. F., Katz, D. L., Elmore, J. G., & Wild, D. (2007). Epidemiology, biostatistics and preventive medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, Elsevier.

Kaspiew, R., Carson, R., Dunstan, J., De Maio, J., Moore, S., & Moloney, L. et al. (2015). Experiences of Separated Parents Study (Evaluation of the 2012 Family Violence Amendments). Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Kickbusch, I., Allen, L., & Franz, C. (2016). The commercial determinants of health. The Lancet Global Health, 4(12), e895-e896. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30217-0

Kingma, S. (2004). Gambling and the risk society: The liberalisation and legitimation crisis of gambling in the Netherlands. International Gambling Studies, 4(1), 47-67.

Klaus, C. (2018). Woolworths pubs spied on regular and VIP gamblers, says Andrew Wilkie. The Guardian (online). Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/feb/28/woolworths-pubs-staff-spied-on-regular-and-vip-gamblers-says-andrew-wilkie

Li, J. (2008). Ethical challenges in participant observation: A reflection on ethnographic fieldwork. The Qualitative Report, 13(1), 100-115.

Livingstone, C. (2001). The social economy of poker machine gambling in Victoria. International Gambling Studies, 1(1), 46-65.

Livingstone, C. (2017). How electronic gambling machines work: Structural characteristics. Melbourne: AIFS.

Livingstone, C., Adams, P., Cassidy, R., Markham, F., Reith, G., Rintoul, A. et al. (2017). On gambling research, social science and the consequences of commercial gambling. International Gambling Studies, 18(1), 56-68.

Livingstone, C., Francis, L., & Wynen, T. (2015, October). How real are claims of poker machine community benefits? The Conversation. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/how-real-are-claims-of-poker-machine-community-benefits-49136

Malambo, P., Kengne, A. P., De Villiers, A., Lambert, E. V., & Puoane, T. (2016). Built Environment, Selected Risk Factors and Major Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes: A Systematic Review. PloS One, 11(11), e0166846.

Markham, F., Doran, B., & Young, M. (2016). The relationship between electronic gaming machine accessibility and police-recorded domestic violence: A spatio-temporal analysis of 654 postcodes in Victoria, Australia, 2005-2014. Social Science & Medicine, 162, 106-114

Markham, F., Young, M., & Doran, B. (2015). The relationship between player losses and gambling-related harm: evidence from nationally representative cross-sectional surveys in four countries. Addiction, 111(2), 320-330. doi:10.1111/add.13178

Marmot, M., & Wilkinson, R. (2005). Social Determinants of Health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marshall, D., & Baker, R. (2001). Clubs, spades, diamonds and disadvantage: The geography of electronic gaming machines in Melbourne. Australian Geographical Studies, 39(1), 17-33.

Marshall, D., & Baker, R. G. V. (2002). The evolving market structures of gambling: case studies modelling the socioeconomic assignment of gaming machines in Melbourne and Sydney, Australia. Journal of Gambling Issues, 18, 273-291.

McAllister, I. (2014). Public opinion towards gambling and gambling regulation in Australia. International Gambling Studies, 14(1), 146-160.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldaña, J. (2013). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Incorporated.

Noble, H., & Smith, J. (2015). Issues of validity and reliability in qualitative research. Evidence Based Nursing, 18(2), 34-35.

Petticrew, M., Katikireddi, S. V., Knai, C., Cassidy, R., Maani Hessari, N., Thomas, J., & Weishaar, H. (2017). 'Nothing can be done until everything is done': the use of complexity arguments by food, beverage, alcohol and gambling industries. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. doi:10.1136/jech-2017-209710

Productivity Commission. (2010). Gambling (Report no. 50). Canberra: Australian Government.

Queensland Government Statistician's Office, Queensland Treasury. (2016). Australian Gambling Statistics 1989-90 to 2014-15, 32nd edition. Brisbane: Queensland Government Statistician's Office Queensland Treasury. Retrieved from www.qgso.qld.gov.au/products/reports/aus-gambling-stats/aus-gambling-stats-32nd-edn.pdf

Reith, G. (2012). Beyond addiction or compulsion: the continuing role of environment in the case of pathological gambling. Addiction, 107(10), 1736-1737.

Reith, G., & Dobbie, F. (2011). Beginning gambling: The role of social networks and environment. Addiction Research & Theory, 19(6), 483-493.

Reith, G., & Dobbie, F. (2013). Gambling careers: A longitudinal, qualitative study of gambling behaviour. Addiction Research & Theory, 21(5), 376-390.

Rintoul, A., Deblaquiere, J., & Thomas, A. (2017). Responsible gambling codes of conduct: lack of harm minimisation intervention in the context of venue self-regulation. Addiction Research & Theory, 1-11. doi:10.1080/16066359.2017.1314465

Rintoul, A., Livingstone, C., Mellor, A., & Jolley, D. (2013). Modelling vulnerability to gambling related harm: how disadvantage predicts gambling losses. Addiction Research & Theory, 1(4), 329-338. doi:10.3109/16066359.2012.727507

Rintoul, A., & Thomas, A. (2017). Precommitment systems for electronic gambling machines: Preventing harm and improving consumer protection. Melbourne: AIFS.

Rossow, I., & Hansen, M. B. (2016). Gambling and gambling policy in Norway: An exceptional case. Addiction, 111(4), 593-598. doi:10.1111/add.13172

Saldaña, J. (2015). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Incorporated.

South Australian Centre for Economic Studies. (2005). Community impacts of electronic gaming machine gambling (Part A): Final report. Melbourne: Office of Gaming and Racing, Department of Justice.

State of Victoria. (2018, March). Recorded criminal incidents: Key movements in the number and rate of criminal incidents. Melbourne: State of Victoria. Retrieved from www.crimestatistics.vic.gov.au/crime-statistics/latest-crime-data/recorded-criminal-incidents-0

State of Victoria. (n.d.). Parliament of Victoria, People in Parliament. Melbourne: State of Victoria. Retrieved from www.parliament.vic.gov.au/index.php?option=com_fabrik&view=list&listid=23&Itemid=1135

The Economist online. (2014, 3 Feb). Daily Chart: The house wins. The Economist online. Retrieved from www.economist.com/blogs/ graphicdetail/2014/02/daily-chart-0 Retrieved: 2014-07-28

Thomas, A., Delfabbro, P., & Armstrong, A. (2014). Validation study of in-venue problem gambling indicators. Melbourne: Gambling Research Australia. Retrieved from www.gamblingresearch.org.au/find/publications/

Thomas, S. L., Randle, M., Bestman, A., Pitt, H., Bowe, S. J., Cowlishaw, S., & Daube, M. (2017). Public attitudes towards gambling product harm and harm reduction strategies: an online study of 16-88 year olds in Victoria, Australia. Harm Reduction Journal, 14(1), 49.

Townshend, T. G. (2017). Toxic high streets. Journal of Urban Design, 22(2), 167-186.

Trevorrow, K., & Moore, S. (1998). Journal of Gambling Studies, 14(3), 263-284.

Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. (2008). Victorian Government Gazette, No. S69 Monday 17 March 2008. Melbourne: Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. Retrieved from https://www.vcglr.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/Ministerial%20order%20-%20Community%20benefit%20statements.pdf

Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. (2010-2015a). Community benefit statements. Melbourne: Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. Retrieved from www.vcglr.vic.gov.au/gambling/gaming-venue-operator/understand-your-gaming-licence/your-obligations/community-benefit

Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. (2010-2015b). Gaming expenditure by local area: Historical Yearly (2010-2015) EGM LGA expenditure data. Melbourne: Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. Retrieved from www.vcglr.vic.gov.au/resources/data-and-research/gambling-data/gaming-expenditure-local-area

Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. (2012). Victorian Government Gazette, No. S218 Thursday 28 June 2012. Melbourne: Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. Retrieved from www.vcglr.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/Ministerial%20order%20-%20Community%20benefit%20statements.pdf

Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. (2016). Expenditure by venue. Retrieved from www.vcgr.vic.gov.au/CA256F800017E8D4/VCGLR/D6FBF3C7D7FC7E86CA257B3200786F30?OpenDocument

Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. (2017, 6 February 2017). Dry areas. Melbourne: Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. Retrieved from www.vcglr.vic.gov.au/liquor/restaurant-cafe/apply-new-licence/dry-areas

Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission. (2012). Counting the cost: Inquiry into the cost of problem gambling. Retrieved from Melbourne: Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission

Webb, C. (2018, 17 June). The libraries opening late as a pokies alternative. The Age. Retrieved 3 July 2018 from www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/the-libraries-opening-late-as-a-pokies-alternative-2018061

Wilkins, R. (2017). The Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey: Selected Findings from Waves 1 to 15. The 12th Annual Statistical Report of the HILDA Survey. Melbourne: Melbourne Institute.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2018). Social determinants of health. Geneva: WHO. Retrieved from www.who.int/social_determinants/sdh_definition/en/

Wong, P. W., Kwok, N. C., Tang, J. Y., Blaszczynski, A., & Tse, S. (2014). Suicidal ideation and familicidal-suicidal ideation among individuals presenting to problem gambling services: A retrospective data analysis. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 35(4), 219.

Yücel, M., Carter, A., Harrigan, K., van Holst, R. J., & Livingstone, C. (2018). Hooked on gambling: a problem of human or machine design? The Lancet Psychiatry, 5(1), 20-21.

Venue code of conduct documents

Australian Hotels Association Victoria. Derrimut Hotel Responsible Gambling Code of Conduct Melbourne: Derrimut Hotel. Retrieved 27/9/2016 from: http://derrimuthotel.com.au/hms_wp/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Derrimut-Code-of-Conduct-English.pdf; http://www.webcitation.org/6kpDsbQ7N.

Australian Leisure & Hospitality Group. (2009, March). Responsible Gambling Code of Conduct, Version 1.1. Melbourne: Australian Leisure & Hospitality Group. Retrieved 27/9/2017 from: http://www.alhgroup.com.au/responsible-service/responsible-service-of-gaming; http://www.webcitation.org/6kpHmpAeW.

Clubs Victoria Inc. (2011). Victorian Clubs Code of Conduct Melbourne: Clubs Victoria Inc. Retrieved 29/9/2017 from: https://www.vcgr.vic.gov.au/CA256F800017E8D4/WebObj/9359DC8106827CD4CA2578390012B347/$File/ClubsVictoriaIncCode3v2_2011.pdf; http://www.webcitation.org/6kpIcuQlY.

Leigh Barrett & Associates Pty Ltd. (2012). Braybrook Hotel Responsible Gambling Code of Conduct 2012. Melbourne: Braybrook Hotel. Retrieved 29/9/2016 from: http://braybrookhotel.com.au/venue-policies/; http://www.webcitation.org/6kpAmVrW1.

Mercury Group. (2011). Responsible Gambling Code of Conduct for (Name of gaming venue). Version 1. Melbourne: Box Hill Golf Club. Retrieved 27/9/2017 from: http://www.mgv.org.au/media/1186/mercury-appoved-code.pdf; http://www.webcitation.org/6kpIHgQJ1.

Progressive Venue Services. (2012). Club Italia Responsible Gambling Code of Conduct. Melbourne: Club Italia. Retrieved 27/9/2017 from: http://www.clubitaliasportingclub.com.au/wp-content/uploads/english.pdf; http://www.webcitation.org/6kpDJk1cV.

Returned & Services League Sub-Branch Incorporated. (2009a). RSL Responsible Gambling Code of Conduct. Melbourne: Returned & Services League Victorian Branch. Retrieved 27/9/2017 from: http://www.rslvic.com.au/media/1020/code-of-conduct-as-at-2nd-dec-09.pdf; http://www.webcitation.org/6kpEuT0YwReturned & Services League Sub-Branch Incorporated. (2009b). RSL Responsible Gambling Code of Conduct Melbourne: Returned & Services League Victorian Branch. Retrieved 28/7/2016 from: http://www.boxhillrsl.com.au/wp-content/uploads/RSL-Responsible-Gambling-Code-of-Conduct1.pdf.