The latest material added to the Australian Institute of Family Studies library database is displayed, up to a maximum of 30 items. Where available online, a link to the document is provided. Many items can be borrowed from the Institute's library via the Interlibrary loan system.
Children with disabilities/special needs
Children Australia v. 44 no. 4 Dec 2019: 187-193
This article argues that attachment security should be the central focus of early childhood intervention services under the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). It highlights the evidence on the importance of attachment security for child development and explains why it should be a key consideration in the design and implementation of the NDIS early intervention services. It also considers barriers to addressing attachment security within the NDIS model and suggests how these could be addressed.
Collingwood, Vic. : Anglicare Victoria, 2019
In this booklet, Anglicare Victoria highlights the impact of their TEACHaR program for children in out of home care. TEACHaR - 'Transforming Educational Achievement for Children in Home-based and Residential care' - was developed in response to evidence that children and young people living in out of home care often experience poor education outcomes in comparison to the general student population. The program aims to: strengthen student school engagement and attendance; raise literacy, numeracy and academic skills; support students to complete Year 12 or its equivalent; and support students to develop more positive feelings and attitudes towards learning. This booklet describes the program and presents comments from practitioners, case studies, and findings from a recent evaluation to demonstrate the positive impacts of the program.
Carlton South, Vic : Lowitja Institute, 2019.
This report provides learnings for effective practice for non-government organisations in the Aboriginal health and wellbeing field. It presents insights from three case studies: Laynhapuy Health, a primary health care service for Yolnju people in East Arnhem Land; Waminda, in the Shoalhaven region of New South Wales, which provides a range of services including general practice, antenatal and postnatal care, justice support, and social enterprise programs; and Noah, also in Shoalhaven, which provides NDIS, education and playgroup services to children and young people with special needs and their families. Despite the substantial differences between the two sites and the scope of the three organisations, there were strong commonalities in the challenges they faced and the effectiveness of strengths-based, community-driven, holistic and person-centred approaches. Learnings are presented for understandings of health and wellbeing, effective approaches in service delivery, and broad, organisational issues relating to governance, program design and staffing. The report concludes with recommendations for funders, policy makers and associated stakeholders.
Hilton, S. Aust. : Emerging Minds, 2019.
Written for practitioners in child, family, adult, and health services, this paper outlines some of the broader issues related the provision of appropriate, timely and relevant services and supports for children and families living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). It highlights some of the complexities of service provision for this group of children, focusing on child protection, family support and child mental health services. This paper is the fifth in a series about working with families affected by FASD.
Hilton, S. Aust. : Emerging Minds, 2019.
Written for practitioners in child, family, adult, and health services, this paper highlights the likely impacts of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) on families and the types of supports they find helpful. It provides information on parents' and carers' experiences of supporting a child living with FASD, their relationships with professionals, and their support needs. Stable caregiving has been identified as a significant protective factor for children living with FASD and practitioners can play a key role in helping to support parents. This paper is the fourth in a series about working with families affected by FASD.
Canberra, ACT : Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2019.
This website presents findings from the 2018 Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC). It provides charts and spreadsheets of data about people with disability, older people, and their carers, including a breakdown of key demographic variables and comparisons with the last survey in 2015. Topics include need for assistance, service use, living arrangements, income, education, employment, discrimination, social participation, and, for carers, reasons for providing care. In 2018, 17.7% of the population reported having a disability, with 5.7% having a profound or severe disability. Though there has been no increase in the labour force participation rate for people with disability since the last survey, there has been an increase in the proportion with a higher education qualification. 10.8% of the population reported being a carer. An additional section has now added to this resource, looking at the prevalence of autism and its impact. 21,983 households took part in the 2018 survey.
London, U.K. : Children and Young People's Mental Health Coalition, 2019.
This report was commissioned to better understand the mental health needs of young people with learning disabilities in the United Kingdom, including the number of young people with both learning disabilities and mental health problems, the facilitators and barriers to them and their families in accessing support, and current policy, guidance and practice. The study involved a review of the evidence base, consultations with professionals, and focus groups with young people aged 11-25 and their parents about their experiences of mental health problems and the support they receive. Based on this information, the report presents ten recommendations aimed at national and local agencies.
Canberra : Parliament House, 2019.
The new National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is being progressively rolled out across Australia. The Parliamentary Joint Standing Committee on the National Disability Insurance Scheme was established to review the implementation, performance and governance of the NDIS, as well as its administration and expenditure. This is the Committee's second progress report and covers the period from 1 July 2017 to 31 December 2018. The Committee held national consultations to help inform its review, identifying issues regarding eligibility of people with psychosocial disabilities, access and delivery of the NDIS Early Childhood Early Intervention Approach, transitional arrangements, and hearing services. The report presents a discussion of the issues and recommendations for improvement.
Collingwood, Vic. : Anglicare Victoria, 2018
This report evaluates the impact of a program to improve the educational outcomes of children in out of home care. Anglicare Victoria's TEACHaR program ('Transforming Educational Achievement for Children in Home-based and Residential care') was developed in response to evidence that children and young people living in out of home care often experience poor education outcomes in comparison to the general student population. The program aims to: strengthen student school engagement and attendance; raise literacy, numeracy and academic skills; support students to complete Year 12 or its equivalent; and support students to develop more positive feelings and attitudes towards learning. The evaluation assessed the impact of the program on school attendance, attitudes to school and learning, literacy and numeracy, and psychosocial problems, with a sample of 31 children and young people from residential and family-based care placements. 10 of the children reported an Indigenous background, and 18 had an intellectual disability or developmental impairment. The findings and possible mechanisms at work are discussed.
Melbourne : ANZSOG, 2018.
The development of robotics has begun to offer a potential solution to the demand and supply-side pressures facing the care sector. Although there is growing amount of research into the issue of robots in social and care settings, the majority of this literature focuses on legal, technical, and consumer matters. This report looks into the neglected public policy and public management issues. It explores the roles that robots should - and should not - play in care delivery, and the role that government has as a steward in shaping these roles, drawing on interviews with 35 stakeholders from government, academia, and technology.
Parkville, Vic. : Centre for Community Child Heath, 2018.
The 'Now and Next' program aims to build capacity in families with young children with a disability or developmental delay in New South Wales. It was developed by Plumtree Children's Services Inc. to help families cultivate skills to achieve positive outcomes, establish goals for themselves, and connect with other families to provide mutual support and motivation. This evaluation was commissioned to assess the implementation and impacts of the program. The process evaluation component looked at whether the program had been delivered as intended, if it was reaching the target groups, and how participants rated the program. The outcome evaluation looked at participant outcomes, in particular achievement of short-term goals, empowerment, and sense of hope and wellbeing. Data was collected at the beginning, middle, and end of the program, from program facilitators and the 154 families participating in the program. This report presents the findings of the evaluation, and makes recommendations for development.
Child : Care, Health and Development v. 44 no. 5 Sep 2018: 721-729
This article explores how health professionals view their role in supporting the mental health of mothers of children with a disability. Interviews were conducted with 13 allied health professionals, general practitioners, and paediatricians about their perceived role and responsibility to provide support, what strategies they employed, and the challenges they faced. The implications for training and policy are discussed. This study follows on by another by the authors on the high rates of mental concerns among mothers of children with a disability, and the types of support they needed.
Child : Care, Health and Development v. 44 no. 3 May 2018: 384-391
This article adds to the evidence on the mental health of mothers of children with a disability and how they can be better supported. It presents the findings of a survey with 294 mothers regarding background characteristics, anxiety, depression, psychological distress, suicidality, help seeking, barriers to accessing support, when support is most needed, and preferences for different types of support services. The findings reveal high rates of distress, depression, anxiety, and suicidality, and a high need for support - which many were not accessing.
Sydney : Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, 2018.
The transition to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is underway in Australia, and will enable - and require - families to make choices about which services best meet their children's needs. This study was commissioned by Early Childhood Intervention Australia (ECIA) NSW/ACT to investigate the experiences of families of children aged 0-8 years with developmental delay or disability, and of service providers, in the transition to the NDIS in New South Wales. This report presents the findings of the study and discusses the implications for good practice. The study found a wide range of experiences among both families and service providers regarding preparations for the NDIS and their first experiences while in the Scheme. It found many families - especially disadvantaged families - continued to experience delays and communication issues, and though service providers had advanced in their adaptation to NDIS processes, systemic issues remained.
Adelaide, S. Aust. : Siblings Australia, 2018
This mapping project investigated the state of supports and services for siblings of people with a disability in Australia. Drawing on surveys with service providers, parents, and adult siblings, it provides a snapshot of support usage, needs, and gaps, and will inform the updating of online directories, the national consultation group, and Information Linkages and Capacity Building within the National Disability Insurance Scheme. This report also provides information from the surveys on the characteristics of siblings, the challenges of being a sibling, and impacts.
East Melbourne, Vic. : Parenting Research Centre, 2017.
The 2016 'Parenting Today in Victoria' survey provided a comprehensive look at the concerns, needs and behaviours of parents in Victoria. This paper focuses on the parents of children with additional needs such as disabilities and chronic health conditions. It explores how these parents are faring, the activities they did with their children, sense of parenting confidence, support networks, experiences of help seeking, and use of playgroups or parenting groups, as compared to parents of children without additional needs. The paper concludes with the implications for policy and the importances of family-centred approaches. The study found that these parents are more likely to have poorer health and wellbeing than other parents, and more likely to be single, female and not in full-time paid employment. However, the parents of children with additional needs interacted with their children in a very similar way to other parents and most were just as likely to have confidence in themselves as parents, excepting parents with a child with psychological or behavioural difficulties.
Canberra : Parliament House, 2017.
The new National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is being progressively rolled out across Australia. The Parliamentary Joint Standing Committee on the National Disability Insurance Scheme was established to review the implementation, performance and governance of the NDIS, as well as its administration and expenditure. This is the Committee's second progress report and covers the period from 1 July 2017 to 31 December 2018. The Committee held national consultations to help inform its review, identifying issues regarding planning processes, transparency and responsiveness, funding, non-contextual pricing for services, portal issues, transport market design, and the early childhood intervention pathway. The report presents a discussion of the issues and recommendations for improvement.
Canberra : Joint Standing Committee on the National Disability Insurance Scheme, 2017.
The Early Childhood Early Intervention (ECEI) Approach aims to determine and facilitate the most appropriate support pathway for preschool children with a disability or developmental delay, as part of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). As part of the evaluation of the NDIS, this inquiry examines the provision of services under the ECEI, including eligibility criteria, service needs of clients, adequacy of funding, associated costs such as for diagnosis, effectiveness, delays and timeframes, information provision to potential clients, accessibility particularly in rural and remote areas, and the principle of choice. This report presents the findings and recommendations of the inquiry.
Sydney, NSW : Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, 2017.
The transition to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is underway in Australia, and will enable - and require - families to make choices about which services best meet their children's needs. This study was commissioned by Early Childhood Intervention Australia (ECIA) NSW/ACT to investigate the experiences of families of children aged 0-8 years with developmental delay or disability, and of service providers, in the transition to the NDIS in New South Wales. As a first stage of the study, this report provides an analysis of the findings from the first round of data collection, with 10 family members and 14 service providers, and discusses the implications for the ongoing rollout of the NDIS. This initial data shows that the transition experiences of both families and service providers were widely variable, though families who were vulnerable in any way - be it socially, culturally or financially - were at higher risk of experiencing funding and service gaps, delays, frustration, and distress.
Australian Social Work v. 70 no. 4 2017: 441-452
This article explores the experiences of Chinese families in using child disability support services. In particular, it investigates how migration and cultural expectations about disability and service affect the way services are used. Interviews were conducted with 13 families in Sydney, New South Wales.
Canberra : Productivity Commission, 2017.
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is a new scheme designed to change the way that support and care are provided to people with permanent and significant disability, and is currently being rolled-out across Australia. If implemented well, it will substantially improve the wellbeing of people with disability, provide better service options, and create efficiency gains and cost savings. As part of scheme's development, it was decided that the Productivity Commission would review NDIS costs in 2017 to inform the final design of the full scheme prior to its commencement. This report presents the Commission's findings and conclusions. It looks at the sustainability of scheme costs, current and future cost pressures, capacity across jurisdictions, how the NDIS impacts on and interacts with mainstream services, whether efficiencies have been achieved, and funding and governance arrangements. Based on trial and transition data, the study finds that NDIS costs are broadly on track with long term modelling, though this is in large part because not all committed supports are used. While some cost pressures are emerging - such as higher numbers of children entering the scheme - there are initiatives in place to address them. Early evidence also suggests that many NDIS participants are receiving more disability supports than previously, with more choice and control.
12 October 2017
This webinar will focus on developing practical strategies to create safe and inclusive environments for children with disability. Recent research indicates that children with disability are at a much higher risk of maltreatment than their non-disabled peers. The Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse recently reviewed the evidence to consider the various factors that contribute to the heightened risk of abuse for children with disability, including their over-representation in institutional care settings and greater interaction with unfamiliar adults. It also highlighted the problems with viewing disability as a stand-alone risk factor for maltreatment, rather than focusing on the particular social contexts that contribute to children's vulnerability. This webinar will outline current understandings of disability and present recent research findings on the prevalence, risk and prevention of abuse for children with disability. Practical strategies for inclusive practice will be discussed, with a focus on creating child-safe organisations.
North Sydney, NSW : Carers NSW, 2016.
This report looks into the respite needs of carers in Australia. It presents findings from a survey of 1,803 carers, largely from New South Wales, on their caring situation, their understanding of the main purpose of respite, use of respite care, informal or professional sources of respite care, reasons for those who hadn't used respite care, pre-planned or emergency use of respite, satisfaction with the amount and quality of respite care used, and the importance of respite for different aspects of their care or personal lives. While the survey was completed by a diverse range of respondents, the typical respondent was a female carer aged 45-54 years, caring for her son or daughter with disability who cannot be left alone for long, if at all. More than one third of respondents reported that they had not used respite before, and only a minority of carers said they had used respite regularly. The findings highlight barriers to accessing respite care and the reliance on informal support from family and friends. Respite was a highly valued service, seen as vital for the health and wellbeing of carers.
Sydney : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2016.
This report investigates whether different groups of child sexual abuse survivors have distinctive service and support needs, to help the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse with its work. A literature review was undertaken, focusing on three population groups: people abused in an institutional context, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and people with disabilities. The first group is of primary interest to the Royal Commission, while the latter two groups have been included because of their increased vulnerability to child sexual abuse compared with the general population, their long history of institutionalisation carried out as accepted government policy, and their continued over-representation in various forms of institutional care.
Children with a developmental or other disability have been found to be two to three times more likely to develop emotional and behavioural problems compared to their typically developing peers. Parents of children with a disability have been shown to be at an increased risk of decline in mental health and socioeconomic difficulties. The Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) programme is based on the Triple P Positive Parenting Programme and was specifically designed for parents of a child with a disability. The current study includes 229 participants from the wider SSTP project that was conducted throughout Australia. It assessed outcomes in the seminar and group versions of the programme and investigated predictors of outcome in SSTP. Results revealed that the combined seminar and group participants indicated a significant decrease in problematic parenting practices, increase in parenting efficacy, and decrease in child emotional and behavioural problems. In conservative statistical analysis there was no significant difference between the less intensive seminar and more intensive group outcomes. Analysis of factors that were predictive of outcome found that parents who completed high school displayed more improvements in problematic parenting practices at post intervention than those parents that did not complete high school. Furthermore a yearly family income of above $80,000 was associated with less improvement in problematic parenting practices post intervention compared to families with an income under $80,000. Five case studies are presented to demonstrate a range of outcomes for the seminar and group interventions and to further explore perceived barriers to improvement. A qualitative analysis of parents' satisfaction is included, which demonstrates parents were mostly satisfied with the programme and behaviour changes. Implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed along with strengths and limitations of the current study.
Canberra, ACT : Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016.
This website presents findings from the 2015 Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC). It provides charts and spreadsheets of data about people with disability, older people, and their carers, including a breakdown of key demographic variables and comparisons over time. In 2015, 2.7 million Australians provided informal care, with 1 in 10 aged under 25. Special articles include: A profile of people with disability in Australia; A profile of older people in Australia; A profile of carers in Australia; A profile of Autism in Australia; Economic participation of older Australians with and without disability; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with disability; Australians living with communication disability; Use of aids and equipment by people with disability; Psychosocial disability; Disability discrimination in Australia; A profile of people with communication disability in Australia; and A profile of people living in residential aged care in Australia. Note, this resource replaces the 'first results' findings released earlier in the year.
Sydney, N.S.W. : Family & Community Services, 2015.
The 'Taking Time Trauma-Informed Framework' has been developed to assist service providers who support people with intellectual disability in New South Wales, and provides trauma-informed guidance for organisations to meet their obligations in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008 and the NSW Disability Inclusion Act 2014. This document sets out the vision and aims of the framework, as well as its principles and values, and provides suggestions for implementation at service and systems levels.
People, places, possibilities : proceedings of the 13th National Rural Health Conference : 24-27 May 2015, Darwin Convention Centre, NT. Deakin, ACT : National Rural Health Alliance, 2015: 5p
This presentation reports on a literature review on the participation of Australian Aboriginal children with disabilities from remote communities, including in the home, school, and the wider community, and the barriers to participation, such as lack of transport, infrastructure, or assistive technology. The findings have implications for providing culturally appropriate, client-centred allied health services.
Canberra, ACT : Senate Community Affairs Committee Secretariat, 2015.
Though the evidence suggests that children and young people in out-of-home care experience poor outcomes across a range of indicators, the number of children and young people in statutory out-of-home care has more than doubled in Australia over the last 15 years. This inquiry was called to examine the state of out-of-home care in Australia and how outcomes can be improved. Areas of investigation include: the drivers of this increase in out-of-home care, types and models of care, the outcomes of care (including kinship care, foster care and residential care) versus staying in the home, the cost of Australia's current approach to care and protection, consistency between states and territories, available supports, contact with family of origin, the over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, and Australian and international best practice. This report presents the findings and recommendations of the inquiry.
Sydney : Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW Australia, 2015.
This report describes the methodology and outcomes of the 'Stronger Together 2 Mid North Coast Research and Family Agency Capacity Project'. This collaborative project between the Mid Coast Communities and the Social Policy Research Centre aimed to involve families with young children with disability, living in the mid north coast of New South Wales, in the co-design of services - increasing the families' sense of agency and readiness for the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). The project consisted of a short literature review, research with families regarding their capacity to make choices and shape their lives, the development of a framework to support families to co-design services, and the eventual involvement of families in co-designing and co-producing formal and informal supports.