The latest material added to the Australian Institute of Family Studies library database is displayed, up to a maximum of 30 items. Where available online, a link to the document is provided. Many items can be borrowed from the Institute's library via the Interlibrary loan system.
Canberra : Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, 2021.
This inquiry was established to help inform the next National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children. This report presents the findings and recommendations of the inquiry, which range from issues such as improved data collection and increased funding for services and community education, to greater recognition in the National Plan for the needs of marginalised groups, the role of economic inequality in gender equality, and attention to drug and alcohol issues. Chapters include: family violence in Australia and the National Plan; governance, coordination and evaluation; non-physical forms of violence; violence in diverse communities; primary prevention; early intervention and behaviour change; responses to assist victim-survivors; and recommendations of previous parliamentary inquiries. Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic are also considered.
Santa Monica, CA : RAND Corporation, 2021.
This report evaluates the implementation of a range of family violence interventions in Indigenous communities, with insights for both program administrators and evaluators. The interventions were a key priority of the Third Action Plan of the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children. This Action Plan called for more evidence-based services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, and provided funding to 14 different services to deliver trauma-informed therapeutic services, perpetrator services, intensive family case management, or legal victim support services. As part of the initiative, implementation support and process evaluation were also funded. This report provides the learnings of the evaluation, assessing what implementation processes worked best rather than the efficacy or effectiveness of the programs. It also discusses the limitations of the study, as a randomised controlled study of outcomes had initially been intended.
Melbourne, Vic. : Victorian Government Printer, 2021.
This report presents the findings and recommendations of an inquiry into the Victorian Government's responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. In particular, it looks at pandemic preparedness, infection rates, contact tracing, economic consequences and increased pressure on the community services sector. Overall, the inquiry found that the Victorian Government's response to managing the virus and the consequences of the pandemic has been comprehensive, and was relatively successful due to the crucial partnership between government and the community. Chapters include: the Victorian Government's aggressive suppression strategy; testing, tracing and isolating; health system; health workforce; aged care; mental health; economic impacts of COVID-19; containment policies and economic growth; the introduction of Stage 4 restrictions; the impacts on industry by sector; transport and infrastructure; response to the social impacts of the pandemic and associated restrictions; residential tenancies, including access to support; community services sector, including government support, demand and workforce; family violence, including incidence, Operation Ribbon, support for family violence services, access to adequate crisis accommodation and housing; homelessness, including emergency accommodation; culturally and linguistically diverse communities and temporary visa holders; public housing lockdown; Aboriginal Victorians; schools; remote and flexible learning requirements; students with a disability; early childhood education and care; and justice response: Police, emergency management, courts, corrections and the Hotel Quarantine Program.
Fitzroy, Vic. : SNAICC, 2021.
Peak-body SNAICC has been monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and their families all year, and has been concerned about the impacts on wellbeing, connection to culture, and ability of the early childhood education and care sector to respond. To provide further insights, they conducted a survey in October-November 2020 with 243 child and family sector organisations regarding the short- and long-term impacts. This paper presents the findings and makes several recommendations to government, including increased investment into telecommunications to improve and upgrade infrastructure in remote communities and provide families and children with access to essential education and support services and contact with communities. The findings highlight the ongoing effects of the pandemic on the wellbeing of children and families, both increases and decreases in attendance at child care, the issue of the technological divide, and the exposure and exacerbation of existing weakness within the early childhood education and care system.
Adelaide, S. Aust. : Early Intervention Research Directorate, 2020
The South Australian Government is establishing a new system of intensive support services for families and children at risk of child protection involvement. A co-design project was undertaken, with professionals and people with lived experience creating design principles and recommendations to inform the design and implementation of the new system. A summary of the findings and next steps was released in 2019. This new report provides the detailed raw data that informs the summary report and should be seen as a companion document. Chapters include: Building the system with Aboriginal families; Trauma responsive practice; Early help and support system; Designing a system that works in regional and rural contexts; Workforce development; Monitoring, learning and evaluation; and Commissioning.
N.S.W. : DV West, 2020
This paper describes how one domestic violence service has responded to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the impact on services and the lessons learned. DV West - formerly West Connect Domestic Violence Services - provides specialist domestic violence services including refuges, transitional housing, outreach support, an intake and assessment service, and group programs in New South Wales and Queensland. In response to the pandemic, DV West quickly implemented policies and resources to support remote working arrangements as well as safety protocols in refuges. Despite the rapid and radical restructuring of services, service data and staff feedback has showed many positive outcomes for clients, including increased client outreach and self-referrals by clients. The paper looks into the organisational factors behind these positive outcomes, the challenges for staff and clients, and the lessons for service delivery after COVID-19.
Sydney, NSW : Australian Human Rights Commission, 2020.
This project sought to understand what Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women consider to be their critical needs - from a human rights approach - and to provide guidance to the Commonwealth Government on how this can be furthered. The project elevates and draws on the voices of 2,294 women and girls on a broad range of subject areas, including trauma, culture, health and wellbeing, education and knowledge, and employment. Topics include community safety, experiences of harmful behaviours, responding to and healing from intergenerational trauma, the impact of poverty and inequality on safety and harm, the drivers of incarceration, child protection, identity and child placement, the right to an adequate standard of living, barriers to housing, homelessness, the rights of persons with disability, disability supports and carers, Country and identity, Native title and land rights, the right to country and culture, service delivery, the need for structural change in service provision, determinants of health and wellbeing, the Closing the Gap Refresh, health services, sexual and reproductive health education, social and emotional wellbeing, youth health, suicide, healing, lifelong learning and education, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ways of learning and knowledge systems, the need for culturally inclusive formal education and curriculum delivery, formal education from early years to secondary school, valuing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and knowledge within the education system, tertiary and vocational education and training, life skills, the workforce, respect in the workplace, economic participation, intergenerational marginalisation, the cost of living, unemployment and social welfare, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander-led economic development.
Sydney : ANROWS, 2020.
This report explores the service system available to Aboriginal women's experiencing family violence in regional areas. It investigates what works - and what doesn't - to enable Indigenous women to escape family violence and access legal and support services. Drawing on interviews with victims and service providers in the two regional Victorian and New South Wales towns of Mildura and Albury-Wodonga, it investigates the impact of legislation and policy, the barriers and enablers that impact on these women's capacity to seek assistance from police and support services and to pursue court processes, the accessibility and acceptability of current service, and the specific features of services that encourage access. The report also features a review of the literature on family violence in Indigenous communities, risk factors, the impact of trauma and Intergenerational trauma, and self-determination and services. A separate study was also undertaken on services for Indigenous men who perpetrate family violence.
Sydney : ANROWS, 2020.
This paper highlights the key findings and policy and practice implications from a recent project into family violence legal and support services for Indigenous people. The project investigated service availability, suitability and access for victims and offenders in the two regional Victorian and New South Wales towns of Mildura and Albury-Wodonga. The findings highlight the barriers and complexities that these men and women face in seeking and obtaining support, including fear of child protection services and isolation from the community, a lack of culturally-appropriate behaviour change programs, and a lack of support for a perpetrator's mental health or substance use issues. The findings of the study were published in two separate reports.
Sydney : ANROWS, 2020.
This report explores the legal, crisis and support supports available to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men who are perpetrators of family violence. Drawing on interviews in the two regional Victorian and New South Wales towns of Mildura and Albury-Wodonga, it investigates men's pathways through the family violence legal and support system, opportunities for rehabilitation that are respectful and culturally responsive, barriers that increase the likelihood of recidivism, the impediments to active engagement with police and the criminal justice system, what works - and what doesn't - to support individual accountability, and the outcomes for women, children and communities affected by family violence. A separate study was also undertaken on services for Indigenous women experiencing family violence.
Canberra, A.C.T. : ANU Research School of Population Health, 2020.
This report investigates the prevalence, causes and impacts of violence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and effective strategies for prevention and intervention. It presents findings from the Family and Community Safety (FaCtS) Study, which was commissioned by The Australian Government to answer the overarching question, 'what would it take to effectively address family and community violence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities?'. The study was conducted in partnership with 18 communities from various urban, rural and remote locations, along with consultations with community members and service providers. Chapters includes: Understanding contemporary violence in its historical context; Catalysts and consequences of violence; Cultural, community and family resources; Understandings of violence and actions taken following violence; Extent and types of violence, including physical, emotional and sexual violence by age, gender and remoteness; and Service availability, access, usage and effectiveness. Recommendations are presented for system level change, primary prevention, early intervention, and acute services.
Sydney : Australian Communications Consumer Action Network, 2020.
Remote Indigenous communities in Australia already face poor communications infrastructure, and this pre-existing digital divide has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 lockdown. Very few remote Indigenous people have the option of home schooling, working from home, or accessing basic services online, and now the lockdown is impeding physical access to services. This review was commissioned to identify what existing private and government programs support telecommunications and internet access in these regions, and consult with the communities to learn more about outstanding communications needs and gaps. The review found that there has been significant improvements in telecommunications coverage and digital connectivity over the last decade, but there are still gaps in access and usage due to issues of affordability, lack of last mile delivery or community access facilities, issues with service reliability and congestion, and barriers to engagement with online services. These issues are affected by local conditions, and suggest that more targeted and place-based solutions, in partnership with local community organisations, are needed.
Fitzroy, Vic. : Brotherhood of St. Laurence, 2020.
This paper highlights the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on disadvantaged people in Victoria and makes recommendations to improve both service delivery and government responses. It draws on interviews with 300 staff from the Brotherhood of St. Laurence, regarding their experiences working with jobseekers, families, young people, people with disability, multicultural communities, and older people in aged care. Staff were asked about how their clients were faring, practice challenges, and practice innovations and adaptations that they wanted to maintain to assist accessibility or address other barriers. The interviews revealed 5 themes common across all service areas, regarding the digital divide, widespread hopelessness, miscommunication, and how lockdown restrictions are harder without resources, social networks, good mental health, and positive relationships.
Melbourne, Vic. : Victoria Legal Aid, 2020.
In this report, Victoria Legal Aid reviews the impact of the child protection permanency law reforms in Victoria and makes recommendations for further reform. In the four years since the 'Children, Youth and Families (Permanent Care and Other Matters) Act 2014' came into effect, Victoria Legal Aid has provided 9,626 grants of assistance to child protection clients. The reforms aimed to provide timely, safe, permanent homes for children who need state intervention and prompt support for families at risk, but an analysis of Victoria Legal Aid data shows that these goals are not being achieved and that the new COVID-19 pandemic restrictions have exacerbated existing challenges for parents seeking reunification. The report discusses the key findings, regarding the difference between permanency in law and a permanent home, the impact of rigid timeframes, the impact of reduced court oversight on opportunity for review of decisions, and the impact of COVID-19. Also, though there are positive results from initiatives that support connection to community and culture for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families, these families are still overrepresented in the system. The report concludes with four overarching recommendations for reform - most urgently to the reunification timeframes.
Sydney, N.S.W. : Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse, 2020.
"Evaluative studies on the effectiveness and outcomes of integrated models responding to Domestic and Family Violence (DFV) remain limited (Productivity Commission 2020). Despite this, most jurisdictions see integrated models as best practice for effectively responding to DFV. This research brief describes how these models are broadly conceived, how they have been applied in Australia, where improvements have been made, and how they require further changes to support Indigenous victims particularly those in remote and rural settings. Similarly, this research brief highlights best practice to facilitate the improvement of practices, processes, and evaluation strategies for ensuring Indigenous families and communities remain at the 'centre' of future developments in this space."--Publisher abstract.
Canberra, A.C.T. : Distribued by the ANU Gender Institute, 2020.
The standards set out the expectations for Men's Behaviour Change Programs operating in the Central Australian context. The standards were developed to acknowledge the contextual realities that make addressing this violence particularly complex, with issues including extreme remoteness, lack of access to goods and service, lack of housing and infrastructure, high rates of poverty and inequality, a culturally and linguistically rich context, and unreliable service funding. The six headline Standards are: Women and their children's safety is the core priority; The use of violence is challenged and men who use violence are held accountable; Women's safety and men's accountability are best achieved through an integrated response; Workers are skilled in responding to the dynamics and impacts of domestic, family, and sexual violence; The Women's Safety Worker is essential to the safety of women and their children; and The program is culturally safe and accessible. Examples of good and unacceptable practice are included. The standards are underpinned by ten principles of good practice to prevent violence against women in the Northern Territory, and the language used reflects a strengths-based and holistic approach to prevention.
Hawthorn, Vic. : Distributed by Australian Policy Online, 2020.
This paper shares the views of Aboriginal people on the child protection system in New South Wales. It summarises findings with consultations with ver 50 Aboriginal young people, families, and carers, as well as practitioners and community members who have had either direct or indirect experiences with the New South Wales Department of Communities and Justice. It also features individual stories that highlight how the system is experienced. The participants raised common themes of the need for Aboriginal family supports, the importance of Aboriginal organisations and practitioners, the importance of culture and identity for wellbeing, and the need to keep Aboriginal children with family and community.
Melbourne : Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute, 2020.
This report looks into housing support for vulnerable families experiencing domestic and family violence can best be integrated with other types of support to enhance safety and wellbeing. It is part of a broader project into integrated housing support for vulnerable families. It discusses the policy context, policies and practices across housing sectors, housing pathways for vulnerable groups, and policy development options regarding crisis and emergency accommodation, social housing, and private rental. The housing and other needs of vulnerable families cannot be met by one sector, and interactions between housing and human services, particularly child protection and family support, can also work against policy aspirations to improve support. Families in remote and regional areas and Indigenous families are also poorly served. However, there are ways to better integrate specialist homelessness services with the broader service system.
Public Health Research & Practice 30 Jul 2020: Advance online publication
This article describes the Early Assessment Referral Links (EARL) model, a new approach for improving the engagement of Aboriginal families in maternal and child health services. The model was developed by the Glenelg Shire Council in regional Victoria, and aims to improve the identification of families with children from conception to 6 years who are not engaged in maternal and child health services, or who are at risk of vulnerability, and link those families into local services. The concept was trialled from 2009-2014, and led to more access and engagement and identification of at risk families than the traditional service model, particularly for Aboriginal women and children. Also, there were increases in Aboriginal children being breastfed, fully immunised, and attending preschool, as well as increases in referrals for family violence and child protection and decreases in episodes of out of home care.
9 September 2020
This webinar will explore family violence and child wellbeing in First Nations families, drawing on the expertise of First Nations practitioners. It will: outline the complexities faced by First Nations families experiencing family violence; identify principles for practice that are culturally responsive and child-centred in their approach; and explore the importance of having community-controlled and locally relevant responses to family violence. The presenters will also share perspectives on what these considerations might mean for mainstream services working with First Nations families, and for cross-cultural partnerships between services and practitioners. Family violence is a major health and wellbeing concern affecting all Australians, including First Nations communities. Practitioners working in health, education and community services often report feeling ill-equipped to work with First Nations families in culturally responsive ways when family violence is a concern, particularly when tasked with supporting the social and emotional wellbeing of children. Services that are welcoming, inclusive and non-threatening stand to gain a better understanding of families' lived experiences and the impact of social disadvantage and intergenerational trauma on First Nations communities; and to then respond more sensitively.
Health Promotion Journal of Australia 26 Jun 2020: Advance online publication
This article adds to what is known about the experiences and views of Aboriginal Australian men who are expecting a child, to help inform antenatal services. Interviews were conducted with 10 men in the township of Broome in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, including some first time fathers. The men were asked about the prospect of fatherhood, the father role, experience of antenatal care services, family and formal sources of information and support, stressors during the pregnancy period, and views on the benefits of antenatal care services and how they could better engage with Aboriginal fathers.
Early Childhood Research Quarterly v. 53 4th quarter 2020: 391-402
The Tasmanian Government has established a comprehensive free universal early childhood health and education service system, but uptake is still low - particularly among more vulnerable families. The Tassie Kids project aims to investigate this further. This article presents findings from one component of the project, focusing on the scope and role of outreach in supporting family engagement. Case studies were conducted in four sites, involving site visits and interviews with service providers and parents. Services reviewed include the Child Health and Parenting Service (CHaPS), Launching into Learning (LiL), and Child and Family Centres (CFCs). The study found that all of the services were offering outreach, and - though variable in practice - it was facilitating engagement with more vulnerable families. However, there was no guidance about the role of outreach in the practice frameworks for any of the services, resulting in a lack of clarity for practice.
Australian Family Lawyer v. 29 no. 2 Jul 2020: 17-20
This special edition looks at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on family law procedures and proceedings around the country. This article is from the Central Australia Women's Legal Service, and highlights preliminary impacts on family law matters in the Central Australian and Barkley regions. The article discusses the existing challenges of geographical isolation, limited services, and family violence in the area, the impact of the implementation and then easing of restrictions on specific family law issues, and relevance of Family Court initiatives, such as the urgent COVID-19 list. Ultimately, the systemic barriers and practical realities that prevent Aboriginal and other remotely located families and communities from readily accessing the family law system remain. However, it is hoped that the shared adversities caused by the pandemic have highlighted these issues and may result in improvement.
Casuarina, N.T. : Office of the Children's Commissioner, 2020.
This report presents the findings and recommendations of a case of abuse of multiple children in the carer of two fosters in the Northern Territory, which highlights wider systemic issues of oversight and safety. The Children's Commissioner investigated services provided to 12 Aboriginal children in the care of the state who were placed with two carers over the period 2004 to 2019. Eight of the children were subject to abuse in care investigations and 4 had concerns of harm in care raised. The investigation examined all interactions and interventions by Territory Families, Department of Health, Northern Territory Police, Fire and Emergency Services and Life Without Barriers, finding shortcomings and policy breaches in relation to appropriate assessment and provision of expected standards of care. The case reveals a 16-year history of systematic failures to adequately review the suitability of the carers, conduct quality standard of care checks and thoroughly examine allegations of child abuse within the out of home care setting, and show that there is still a lack of rigorous oversight, coordination and accountability in order to produce quality safety assessments and out of home care placements for vulnerable children and young people.
Sydney : ANROWS, 2020.
This paper highlights the key findings and policy implications from a recent study into best practice in early intervention programs for domestic and family violence in families with additional support needs. The study reviewed processes at one program, Family Referral Services in New South Wales, a government-funded service to improve access to services for at risk families who do not meet the threshold for statutory child protection, and consulted with mothers with disability and children and young people with disability about their experiences. The study identified that a holistic approach to safety and a focus on barriers to support is key to responding to the needs of these families.
Haymarket, NSW : Women's Safety NSW, 2020.
This report is one of a series on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on family violence services in New South Wales, and focuses on Indigenous clients. Drawing on a series of surveys and forums undertaken with Indigenous frontline workers, coordinators and services from across the state, it provides insights into the impacts of the pandemic and its restrictions on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and children, the key issues affecting clients, key service gaps, the impact on frontline staff, and what urgent responses are needed. The services have reported an increase in client numbers since the beginning of COVID-19, with half also reporting an increase in the complexity of their client's needs.
Queensland : YFS Ltd, 2020.
The Thriving Families Project aims to create sustainable change for families experiencing homelessness in Queensland. It helps families find stable housing and provides coaching to help families work towards their future goals. This sheet highlights preliminary findings from an evaluation of the program, and notes the number of families served so far, housing outcomes, strengths and challenges, and learnings to date. While still early in its implementation, the interim evaluation indicates the program is effective in engaging and meeting the needs of families, based on its integrated, long-term, flexible and aspirational approach.
1 April 2020
This webinar looks at how organisations and practitioners can help women navigate the domestic violence service system and receive the support they need. It is based around the case study of Sadie, an Aboriginal woman and mother of two, who's experiences shed light on how fragmented service systems can often fail to meet women's needs and may even exacerbate the challenges they experience at the intersection of gender and racial inequality. The webinar will discuss the implications for services, approaches to working collaboratively across different service systems, and culturally safe ways of working with Aboriginal women affected by domestic and family violence. The webinar draws on findings from the recent Australian Institute of Family Studies report 'Domestic and family violence and parenting: mixed method insights into impact and support needs'.
Fitzroy, Vic. : SNAICC, 2020
Research shows that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families have low rates of engagement with child and family support services and face barriers to access. However, the research has also identified that services can increase access and engagement by engaging in effective partnerships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and organisations. This guide provides an introduction to establishing genuine inter-agency partnerships between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous service providers. It explains the importance of genuine and non-tokenistic partnerships, describes the principles and practices that are effective to create and sustain genuine inter-agency partnerships, and provides tips, exercises and further reading.
Adelaide, S. Aust. : Early Intervention Research Directorate, 2019
The South Australian Government is establishing a new system of intensive support services for families and children at risk of child protection involvement. In order to create meaningful and sustainable change, it was agreed that the new system must be informed and co-designed by the people who need the services and the people who deliver the services. This paper summarises the findings from the co-design project. Agreed values include that the system will be designed with Aboriginal families and communities, involve trauma-responsive practice to create a healing system, establish mechanisms for early help and support, ensure equitable access to help for regional and rural families, and support and strengthen the workforce.