Implementation in action

A guide to implementing evidence-informed programs and practices
Guidelines – June 2019

List of abbreviations

AIFS Australian Institute of Family Studies

CEI Centre for Evidence and Implementation

CFIR Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research

R=MC2 Readiness = Motivation x General-Capacity x Specific-Capacity


Term Description
Acceptability The perception that a program or practice is agreeable, palatable or satisfactory
Appropriateness The perceived fit, relevance or compatibility of a program or practice
Evidence-informed programs and practices Programs and practices that integrate the best available research evidence with practice expertise, and the values and preferences of clients
Feasibility How successfully a program can be implemented or used within your setting
Fidelity The degree to which a program or practice was delivered as intended
Implementation A process that uses active strategies to put evidence-informed approaches into practice. It is the process of understanding and overcoming barriers to adopt, plan, initiate and sustain evidence-informed programs and practices.
Implementation barriers Implementation barriers make the implementation process more challenging.
Implementation enablers Implementation enablers increase the likelihood a program or practice will be successfully implemented.
Implementation plan A document that specifies what implementation strategies are being used, how they will be actioned, when, and by whom
Implementation outcome The effect of using implementation strategies to implement new programs, practices and services. It is different to a client outcome.
Implementation science The study of how to improve the uptake of research findings and other evidence-informed practices into 'business as usual'. It aims to improve the quality and effectiveness of human services.
Implementation strategy A technique that enhances the adoption, planning, initiation and sustainability of a program or practice. It is the 'how to' component of implementing a new program or practice.
Program outcome A specific change expected in the target population as a result of taking part in a program
Randomised controlled trial A research design that allocates participants at random. This design aims to reduce selection bias and produce high-quality evidence.
Reach How well a program or practice has been integrated into an agency or service provider, including the target population
Sustainability The extent to which a program or practice has become incorporated into the mainstream way of working, rather than being added on