Households in Australia source data

Source data for Family Facts and Figures: Households in Australia

Types of households

Household type 2011. See data table below.

Data table - Household type 2011
Household type No. households %

Note: "Other household" includes "Visitors only" and "Other not classifiable" households.
Source: ABS 2011 Census.

Family households 5,550,611 71.5
One-person households 1,888,697 24.3
Group households 321,006 4.1
Total 7,760,314 100.0
Data table - Household type 1986-2011
Household type 1986
(%)
1996
(%)
2006
(%)
2011
(%)

Note: (a) In 1986, household membership was based on the household in with the person happened to be residing on the night of the Census, rather than on the household in which the person usually resided. (b) In 1996, 2006 & 2011, on the other hand, households were classified according to ‘usual residence’ for up to three residents of a household who were temporarily absent on Census Night. (c) Unlike the Census data for 1986 and 1996, 'visitors only' and 'other non-classifiable' households were excluded in the 2006 and 2011 data.
Sources: ABS 1986, 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011 Censuses.

Family household 77.1 73.0 71.7 71.5
One-person households 18.8 22.8 24.4 24.3
Group households 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.1
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Household size

Average household size and number of households 1911-2011. Data table below.

Data table - Average household size, 1911-2011
Year Average household size

Sources: Hugo, G. (2001). A century of population change in Australia. In ABS - Yearbook 2001 Australia (Catalogue. no. 1301.0). ABS 2011 Census – Time Series Profile (Catalogue no. 2003.0) (T2 & T14).

1911 4.5
1921 4.4
1933 4.0
1947 3.8
1954 3.6
1961 3.6
1966 3.5
1971 3.3
1976 3.1
1981 3.0
1986 2.9
1991 2.8
1996 2.6
2001 2.6
2006 2.6
2011 2.6

Projections: 2011-36

Number of households and families projections

 Projected number of households and families 2006-2031. Data table below.

Footnote:
ABS released household and family projection (2011-2036) in 2015. The number of households in Australia is projected to increase from 8.42 million to between 12.73 million and 12.57 million by 2036. ABS produced three projection series with different assumptions: a) living arrangement propensities for 2011 continues to 2036; b) low rate of change in living arrangement propensities; c) the trend in the rate of change in propensities from 1996 to 2011 continues to 2036 (for details see ABS (2015) Household and family projects, Australia, 2011 to 2036). The figure plots the projected number of households and families based on the assumptions of low rate of change in propensities and shows that both the number of households and the number of families will continue to grow to 2036.

Data table - Projected number of households and families 2011-2036
Year Number of Households ('000) Number of Families ('000)

Note: The percentages are based on the Series B projections. ABS Series B projections are based on the assumption of low rate of change in propensities – the rate of change in propensities from 1996 to 2011 continues at the full rate of change to 2016, half the rate change to 2021, one-quarter the rate of change to 2026, and then remains constant to 2031.
Sources: ABS (2015) Household and family projects, Australia, 2011 to 2036 (Catalogue no. 3236.0)

2011 8420.0 6144.1
2016 9241.5 6703.5
2021 10100.5 7297.4
2026 10961.7 7884.3
2031 11828.2 8459.0
2036 12681.5 9016.9

Family type projections

Family type projections, 2011-2036. See data table below.

Data table - Family type projection (Series B), 2006-2031
Family type 2011 2016 2021 2026 2031 2036

Note: The percentages are based on the Series B projections. ABS Series B projections are based on the assumption of low rate of change in propensities - the linear trend in propensities from 1996 to 2011 continues at the full rate of change to 2016, half the rate change to 2021, one-quarter the rate of change to 2026, and then remains constant to 2036. Sources: ABS (2015) Household and family projects, Australia, 2011 to 2036 (Catalogue no. 3236.0))

  Number
Couple families with children 2,712,266 2,844,537 3,026,217 3,223,395 3,430,897 3,624,756
Couple families without children 2,328,454 2,632,891 2,929,458 3,202,238 3,453,650 3,703,858
One-parent families 992,371 1,107,593 1,216,347 1,326,100 1,432,947 1,537,008
Male parent 173,598 197,687 219,049 240,069 260,272 280,555
Female parent 818,773 909,906 997,298 1,086,031 1,172,675 1,256,453
Other families 110,979 118,445 125,351 132,517 141,543 151,316
Total 6,144,070 6,703,466 7,297,373 7,884,250 8,459,037 9,016,938
  Per cent
Couple families with children 44.1 42.4 41.5 40.9 40.6 40.2
Couple families without children 37.9 39.3 40.1 40.6 40.8 41.1
One-parent families 16.2 16.5 16.7 16.8 16.9 17.0
Male parent 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Female parent 13.3 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.9 13.9
Other families 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

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