Allegations of family violence and child abuse in family law children's proceedings

A pre-reform exploratory study
Research Report No. 15 – May 2007

You are in an archived section of the AIFS website. Archived publications may be of interest for historical reasons. Because of their age, they do not reflect current research data or AIFS' current research methodologies.

References

  • Alexander, R. (2002). Domestic violence in Australia. Melbourne: The Federation Press.
  • Alexander, R. (2006). Family law changes: Privatising family violence. DVIRC Quarterly, 2 (Winter), 6-10.
  • American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Guidelines for child custody evaluations in divorce proceedings . Washington, DC: Author.
  • Andrews, G., Henderson, S., & Hall, W. (2001). Prevalence, comorbidity, disability and service utilisation: Overview of the Australian National Mental Health Survey. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178 , 145-153.
  • Anthony, G., & Watkeys, J. (1991). False allegations in child sexual abuse: The pattern of referral in an area where reporting is not mandatory. Children & Society, 5 (2), 111-122.
  • Appel, A., & Holden, G. (1998). The co-occurrence of spouse and physical child abuse: A review and appraisal. Journal of Family Psychology, 12 , 578-599.
  • Archer, J. (2000). Sex differences in aggression between heterosexual partners: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 126 , 651-680.
  • Aries, P. (1962). Centuries of childhood: A social history of family life . New York: Vintage.
  • Armytage, P. (1997, April). Children in the state child protection services. Paper presented at the Australian Association of Family Lawyers and Conciliators Children at Risk Seminar, Melbourne.
  • Atmore, C. (2001). Men as victims of domestic violence: Some issues to consider (Discussion Paper No. 2). Melbourne: Domestic Violence and Incest Resource Centre.
  • Attorney-General's Department. (2006a). The Family Law Violence Strategy. Canberra: Author.
  • Attorney-General's Department. (2006b). Screening and assessment in the Family Relationship Centres and the Family Relationship Advice Line: Practice framework and guidelines . Canberra: Author.
  • Austin, W. (2000). Assessing the credibility in allegation of marital violence in the high conflict child custody case. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 38 , 186-201.
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (1996). Women's safety Australia: User guide (Cat. No. 4129.0). Canberra: Author.
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2005). Crime and safety, Australia (Cat. No. 4509.0), Canberra: Author.
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2001). Child protection Australia 1999-00 (Child Welfare Series No. 27). Canberra: Author.
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2006). Child protection Australia 2005-06 (Child Welfare Series No. 40). Canberra: Author.
  • Awad, G. A. (1987). The assessment of custody and access disputes in cases of sexual abuse allegations. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 32 , 539-544.
  • Bagshaw, D., & Chung, D. (2000). Women, men and domestic violence. Canberra: Partnerships Against Domestic Violence, Office for the Status of Women.
  • Bainham, A., Day-Sclater, S., & Richards, M. (Eds.). (1999). What is a parent?: A socio-legal analysis. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Bala, N., Bertrand, L. D., Paetsch, J. J., Knoppers, B. M., Hornick, J. P., Noel, J.-F., et al. (1998). Spousal violence in custody and access disputes: Recommendations for reform . Ottawa: Status of Women, Canada.
  • Bala, N., Jaffe, P., & Crooks, C. (2007, January). Spousal violence and child related cases: Challenging cases requiring differentiated responses . Paper prepared for presentation at the Ontario Court of Justice, Judicial Development Institute, Toronto, Canada.
  • Bala, N., Mitnick, M., Trocomé, N., & Houston, C. (in press). Sexual abuse allegations and parental separation: Smokescreen or fire? Journal of Family Studies.
  • Bala, N., Paetsch, J. J., Trocmé, N., Schuman, J., Tanchak, T., & Hornick, J. P. (2001). Allegations of child abuse in the context of parental separation: A discussion paper . Ottawa: Department of Justice, Canada.
  • Bala, N., & Schuman, J. (1999). Allegations of sexual abuse when parents have separated. Canadian Family Law Quarterly, 17 , 191-243.
  • Bancroft, L., & Silverman, L. (2002). The batterer as parent. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Bartollas, C. (1993). Juvenile delinquency (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan.
  • Bedi, G., & Goddard, C. (2007). Impacts of intimate partner violence on children. Australian Psychologist, 42 (1), 66-77.
  • Behrens, J. (1993). Domestic violence and property adjustment: A critique of "no fault" discourse. Australian Journal of Family Law, 7 , 9-28.
  • Behrens, J. (1995). Violence in the home and family law: An update. Australian Journal of Family Law, 9 (1), 70-75.
  • Behrens, J. (2006). Barriers to meeting the needs of victims of domestic violence in the family law system. In B. Smyth, N. Richardson, & G. Soriano (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Forum on Family Transitions (pp. 231-234). Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
  • Benedek, E., & Schetky, D. (1985). Allegations of sexual abuse in child custody and visitation disputes. In E. Benedek & D. Schetky (Eds.), Emerging issues in child psychiatry and the law (pp. 145-115). New York: Brunner/Mazel.
  • Blush, G. J., & Ross, K. L. (1987). Sexual abuse allegations in divorce: The SAID syndrome. Conciliation Courts Review, 25 (1), 1-11.
  • Bordow, S. (1994). Defended custody cases in the Family Court of Australia: Factors influencing the outcome. Australian Journal of Family Law, 8 (3), 252-263.
  • Brant, S., & Sink, F. (1984). Dilemmas in court-ordered evaluation of sexual abuse charges during custody and visitation proceedings . Paper presented at the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, Toronto, Canada.
  • Bresee, P., Stearns, G. B., Bess, B. H., & Packer, L. S. (1986). Allegations of sexual abuse in child custody disputes: A therapeutic assessment model. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56 , 560-569.
  • Bromfield, L. (2005). Chronic child maltreatment in an Australian statutory child protection sample . Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Deakin University, Melbourne.
  • Brown, T. (2003). Fathers and child abuse allegations in the context of parental separation and divorce. Family Court Review, 41 (3), 367-380.
  • Brown, T., Frederico, M., Hewitt, L., & Sheehan, R. (1998). Violence in families: Report number one: The management of child abuse allegations in custody and access disputes before the Family Court of Australia . Melbourne: Family Violence and Family Court Research Program, Monash University and Australian Catholic University.
  • Brown, T., Frederico, M., Hewitt, L., & Sheehan, R. (2001). The child abuse and divorce myth. Child Abuse Review, 10 (2), 113-124.
  • Butchart, A., Phinney, A., Check, P., & Villaveces, A. (2004). Preventing violence: A guide to implementing the recommendation of the World report on violence and health. Geneva: Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization.
  • Caffey, J. (1946). Multiple fractures in the long bones of infants suffering from chronic subdural hematoma. American journal of roentgenology, radium therapy and nuclear medicine , 56, 163-173.
  • California Administrative Office of the Courts. (2003). Domestic violence in Californian court-based child custody mediation (Stat Sheet). Retrieved 30 April 2007, from http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/programs/cfcc/pdffiles/onepgDV99.pdf
  • Cashmore, J., Chisholm, R., & Waters, B. (1992). Sexual abuse allegations and child placement: A reply to Byrne. Australian Family Lawyer, 7 , 32-36.
  • Cashmore, J., Dolby, R., & Brennan, D. (2004). Systems abuse: Problems and solutions. Sydney: NSW Child Protection Council.
  • Cawson, P., Wattam, C., Brooker, S., & Kelly, G. (2000). Child maltreatment in the United Kingdom: A study of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect . London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
  • Center for Families, Children and the Courts. (1993). [Research update: Highlights of findings from the 1991 California Family Court Services Snapshot Study ]. Retrieved 30 April 2007, from http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/programs/cfcc/pdffiles/ru_91.pdf
  • Child Support Legislation Amendment (Reform of the Child Support Scheme - New Formula and Other Measures) Act 2006.
  • Church, R. J. (1984). Family violence: Its effects on the child. Paper presented at the 6th National Conference of the New Zealand Association for Research in Education, Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Cleak, H., Bickerdike, J., & Moloney, L. (2006). Family mediation and women's services: Towards effective referral. Journal of Family Studies, 12 (2), 185-202.
  • Cohen, H. (1980). You can negotiate anything. New Jersey: Lyle Stuart.
  • Conley Tyler, M., & McPherson, M. (2006). Online dispute resolution and family law mediation. Journal of Family Studies, 12 (2), 165-183.
  • Conway, E. E. (1998). Non-accidental head injury in infants: The shaken baby syndrome revisited. Pediatric Annals, 27 (10), 677-690.
  • Corwin, D., Berliner, L., Goodman, G., Goodwin, J., & White, S. (1987). Child sexual abuse and custody disputes: No easy answers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2 (1), 91-105.
  • Dallam, S. J. (2001). The long-term medical consequences of childhood trauma. In K. Franey, R. Geffner, & R. Falconer (Eds.), The cost of child maltreatment: Who pays? We all do (pp. 1-14). San Diego, CA: Family Violence & Sexual Assault Institute.
  • De Mause, L., (1998). The history of child abuse. The Journal of Psychohistory, 25 (3), 1-13.
  • Degenhardt, L. J., Hall, W., & Lynskey, M. (2001). Alcohol, cannabis and tobacco use among Australians: A comparison of their associations with other drug use and use disorders, affective and anxiety disorders, and psychosis. Addiction, 96 , 1603-1614.
  • Duryee, M. (1987). Child abuse allegations in family law cases. Unpublished document, Alameda County Family Court Services, Oakland, CA.
  • Dutton, D. (2006). Rethinking domestic violence. Toronto: UBC Press.
  • Eastwood, C., Patton, W., & Stacey, H. (1998). Child sexual abuse and the criminal justice system (Trends and Issues in Criminal Justice No. 98). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  • Edleson, J. (1999). The overlap between child maltreatment and woman battering. Violence Against Women, 5 (2), 134-154.
  • Eekelaar, J., Maclean, M., & Beinart, S. (2000). Family lawyers. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Ellis, D., & Stuckless, N. (1996). Mediating and negotiating marital conflicts. CA: Thousand Oaks.
  • Everson, M. D., & Boat, B. W. (1989). False allegations of sexual abuse by children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 28(2), 230-235.
  • Fahn, M. S. (1991). Allegations of child sexual abuse in custody disputes: Getting to the truth of the matter. Family Law Quarterly, 25 (2), 193-216.
  • Faller, K. C. (1991). Possible explanations for child sexual allegations in divorce. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 61 (1), 86-91.
  • Faller, K. C. (1998). The parental alienation syndrome: What is it and what data support it? Child Maltreatment, 3 (2), 100-115.
  • Faller, K. C. (2003). Understanding and assessing child sexual maltreatment (2nd ed.). London: Sage.
  • Faller, K. C., & Devoe, E. R. (1995). Allegations of sexual abuse in divorce. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 4 (4), 1-15.
  • Family Court of Australia. (2003). Submission of the Family Court of Australia: Standing Committee on Family and Community Affairs Inquiry into Joint Custody Arrangements in the Event of Family Separation . Canberra: Author.
  • Family Court of Australia. (2005). Family Violence Strategy. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
  • Family Court of Australia. (2006). Annual report 2005-2006. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
  • Family Law Act 1975.
  • Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Act 2006.
  • Family Law Council. (2002). Family law and child protection. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
  • Family Law Council. (2006). Collaborative practice in family law. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
  • Federal Magistrates Court. (2007). Introduction to the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia . Retrieved 30 April 2007, from http://www.fmc.gov.au/html/introduction.html
  • Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., & Ridder, E. M. (2005a). Partner violence and mental health outcomes in a New Zealand birth cohort. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67 , 1103-1119.
  • Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., & Ridder, E. M. (2005b). Response to Johnson: Partner violence and mental health outcomes in a New Zealand birth cohort. Journal of Marriage and Family, I , 1131-1136.
  • Flood, M. (2005a). Fact sheet #1: The myth of false accusations of child abuse . Retrieved 29 March 2007, from http://www.ncsmc.org.au/docs/False%20Accusations%20Child%20Abuse.pdf
  • Flood, M. (2005b). Fact sheet #2: The myth of women's false accusations of domestic violence and misuse of protection orders . Retrieved 29 March 2007, from http://www.ncsmc.org.au/docs/False%20Accusations%20DV.pdf
  • Fogarty, J. (2006). Unacceptable risk: A return to basics. Australian Journal of Family Law, 20 (3), 249-295.
  • Francis, D., & Meaney, M. (1999). Maternal care and the development of stress responses. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 9 , 128-134.
  • Frederick, L., & Tilley, J. (2001). Effective intervention in domestic violence cases: Context is everything . Minneapolis, MN: Battered Women's Justice Project.
  • Garber, B. D. (2004). Parental alienation in light of attachment theory considerations of the broader implications for child development, clinical practice and forensic process. Journal of Child Custody, 1 , 49-76.
  • Gardner, R. A. (1999). Assessment for the stronger, healthier psychological bond in child custody evaluations. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 31 (1/2), 1-14.
  • Gelles, R. J. (1990). Methodological issues in the study of family violence. In G. R. Patterson (Ed.), Depression and aggression in family interaction: Advances in family research (pp. 49-74). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Gilding. M. (1991) The making and breaking of the Australian family. St Leonards: Allen and Unwin.
  • Giles-Sims, J. (1998). The aftermath of partner violence. In J. L. Jasinski & L. M. Williams (Eds.), Partner violence: A comprehensive review of 20 years of research (pp. 44-72). California: Sage.
  • Goddard, C., & Hiller, P. (1993). Child sexual abuse: Assault in a violent context. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 28 (1), 20-33.
  • Goodwin, J., Sahd, D., & Rada, R. T. (1978). Incest hoax: False accusations, false denials. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law , 6(3), 269-376.
  • Graham-Kevan, N., & Archer, J. (2003). Physical aggression and control in heterosexual relationships: The effect of sampling procedure. Violence and Victims, 18 , 181-198.
  • Graycar, R. (1995). The relevance of violence in family law decision making. Australian Journal of Family Law, 9 (1), 58-69.
  • Green, A. (1986). True and false allegations of sexual abuse in child custody disputes. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25 , 449-456.
  • Gunter, M., du Bois, R., Rocker, D., Boos, R., Klosinski, G., & Deberding, E. (2000). Allegations of sexual abuse in child custody disputes. Medicine and Law, 19 , 815-825.
  • Guyer, M., & Ash, P. (1986). Child abuse allegations in the context of adversarial divorce . Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Los Angeles.
  • Hanson, K. (2005). Twenty years of progress in violence risk assessment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20 (2), 212-215.
  • Hegarty, K., & Roberts, G. (1998). How common is domestic violence against women? The definition of partner abuse in prevalence studies. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 22 (1), 49-54.
  • Helfer, R., & Kempe, C. (1976). Child abuse and neglect: The family and the community. Cambridge, Ma.: Ballinger Publishing.
  • Herbert, T. B., Silver, R. C., & Ellard, J. H. (1991). Coping with an abusive relationship. Journal of Marriage and Family, 53 , 311-325.
  • Hewitt, B. (2007) Accessing the parental mind through the heart: A case study in child inclusive mediation. Journal of Family Studies, 13 (1), 94-103.
  • Hillis, S. D., Anda, R. F., Felitti, V. J., Nordenberg, D., & Marchbanks, P. A. (2000). Adverse childhood experiences and sexually transmitted diseases in men and women: A retrospective study. Pediatrics, 106 (1), E11.
  • Hlady, L. J., & Gunter, E. J. (1990). Brief communication: Alleged child abuse in custody access disputes. Child Abuse & Neglect, 14 , 591-593.
  • Hodgson, D. (1992). The historical development and "internationalisation" of the children's rights movement. Australian Journal of Family Law, 6(3), 252-79.
  • Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (2000). A typology of men who are violent toward their female partners: Making sense of the heterogeneity in husband violence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9 (4), 140.
  • Holtzworth-Munroe, A., & Stuart, G. (1994). Typologies of male batterers: Three subtypes and the differences amongst them. Psychological Bulletin, 116 (3), 476-497.
  • Horwill, F., & Bordow, S. (1983). The outcome of contested custody cases. Law Society Journal, 21 , 369-370.
  • Hume, M. (1996). Child sexual abuse allegations in the Family Court. Unpublished master's thesis, University of South Australia.
  • Humphreys, C., & Thiara, R. (2003). Neither justice nor protection: Women's experiences of post-separation violence. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 25 (3), 195-214.
  • Hunter, R. (2006) Child-related proceedings under Pt VII Div 12A of the Family Law Act: What the children's cases pilot program can and can't tell us. Australian Journal of Family Law , 20(3), 227-148.
  • Hunter, R., Genovese, A., Melville, A., & Chrzanowski, A. (2000). Legal services in family law. Sydney: Justice Research Centre, Law Foundation of NSW.
  • Ingleby, R. (1992). Solicitors and divorce. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Jacobson, N., & Gottman, J. (1998). When men batter women: New insights into ending abusive relationships . New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • Jaffe, P. G., Austin, G., & Poisson, S. (1995, July). Violence in custody and access disputes. Paper presented at the 4th International Family Violence Research Conference, Durham, New Hampshire.
  • Jaffe, P. G., Crooks, C. V., & Bala, N. (2006). Making appropriate parenting arrangements in family violence cases: Applying the literature to identifying promising practices . Retrieved 30 April 2007, from: http://www.justice.gc.ca/en/ps/pad/reports/2005-FCY-3/2005-FCY-3E.pdf
  • Jaffe, P. G., Lemon, N. K. D., & Poisson, S. E. (2003). Child custody & domestic violence. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Jaffee, S. R., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Taylor, A., & Arseneault, L. (2002). Influence of adult domestic violence on children's internalizing and externalizing problems: An environmentally informative twin study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 41(9), 1095-1103.
  • James, A., & Prout, A. (Eds.). (1990). Constructing and reconstructing childhood: Contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood . London: Falmer Press.
  • James, M. (1996). Pedophilia (Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 57). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  • James, M., (2000). Child abuse and neglect: Part 1 - Redefining the issues (Issues paper No. 146). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  • Johnson, C. (2002). Familicide and disputed residency and contact (Western Australia 1989-1999) . Paper presented at the 10th National Family Law Conference, Food for Thought, Melbourne.
  • Johnson, M. P. (1995). Patriarchal terrorism and common couple violence: Two forms of violence against women. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57 (2), 283-294.
  • Johnson, M. P. (2000). Conflict and control: Images of symmetry and asymmetry in domestic violence. In A. Booth, A. C. Crouter, & M. Clements (Eds.), Couples in conflict. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Johnson, M. P. (2005). Domestic violence: It's not about gender - or is it? Journal of Marriage and Family, 67 , 1126-1130.
  • Johnson, M. P., & Ferraro, K. (2000). Research on domestic violence in the 1990s: Making distinctions. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62 , 948-963.
  • Johnston, J. R. (1994). High conflict divorce. Future of Children, 4 , 165-182.
  • Johnston, J. R. (2005). Children of divorce who reject a parent and refuse visitation: Recent research and social policy for the alienated child. Family Law Quarterly, 38 , 757-775.
  • Johnston, J. R. (2006). Domestic violence: A child centred approach. Journal of Family Studies, 12 (1), 15-35.
  • Johnston, J. R., & Campbell, L. E. G. (1993). A clinical typology of interparental violence in disputed-custody divorces. Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 63 (2), 190-199.
  • Johnston, J. R., Lee, S., Olesen, N. W., & Walters, M. G. (2005). Allegations and substantiations of abuse in custody-disputing families. Family Court Review, 43 (2), 283-294.
  • Jones, D., & McGraw, J. (1987). Reliable and fictitious accounts of sexual abuse to children. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2 (1), 27-45.
  • Jones, D., & Seig, A. (1988). Child sexual abuse allegations in custody or visitation cases: A report of 20 cases. In E. B. Nicholson & J. Bulkley (Eds.), Sexual abuse allegations in custody and visitation cases (pp. 22-36). Washington DC: American Bar Association.
  • Kaplan, S. L., & Kaplan, S. J. (1981). The child's accusation of sexual abuse during divorce and custody struggle. The Hillside Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 3 (1), 81.
  • Kaspiew, R. (2005a). Mothers, fathers and parents: The construction of parenthood in contemporary family law decision making . Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Melbourne, Melbourne.
  • Kaspiew, R. (2005b). Violence in contested children's cases: An empirical exploration. Australian Journal of Family Law, 19 , 112-143.
  • Kaye, M., Stubbs, J., & Tolmie, J. (2003). Negotiating child residence and contact arrangements against a backdrop of domestic violence (Research Report No. 1). Brisbane: Families, Law and Social Policy Research Unit, Socio-Legal Research Centre, School of Law, Griffith University.
  • Kelley, B. T., Thornberry, T. P., & Smith, C. A. (1997). In the wake of childhood maltreatment. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. Retrieved 27 April 2006, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/165257.pdf
  • Kelly, F., & Fehlberg, B. (2002). Australia's fragmented family law system: Jurisdictional overlap in the area of child protection. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 16 , 38-70.
  • Kelly, J. (2003). Parents with enduring child disputes: Multiple pathways to enduring disputes. Journal of Family Studies, 9 (1) 37-50.
  • Kelly, J. (2006, October). Intimate partner violence: Current research and implications for decision-making . Paper presented at the National Judges Conference, Fremantle.
  • Kempe, C., Silverman, F., Steele, B., Droegemueller, W., & Silver, H. (1962). The battered-child syndrome. Journal of American Medical Association, 181 , 17-24.
  • Keys Young. (1996). Research/evaluation of family mediation practice and the issue of violence: Final report . Canberra: Attorney-General's Department.
  • Kiel, H. (1988). Child sexual abuse and the Family Court. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 23 (1), 3-12.
  • Kimm, J. (2006). Lawyers' settlement conventions. Unpublished manuscript. Monash University, Law School.
  • Kimmel, M. S. (2002). "Gender symmetry" in domestic violence: A substantive and methodological research review. Violence Against Women, 8 (11), 1332-1363
  • Kovacs, K. (2002). Domestic violence, children and family law in Australia and New Zealand. Child Abuse Prevention, 10 (1), 1-6.
  • Krug, E., Dahlberg, L., Mercy, J., Zwi, A., & Lozano, R. (2002) World report on violence and health. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • Leone, J. M., Johnson, M. P., Cohan, C. L., & Lloyd, S. E. (2004). Consequences of male partner violence for low-income minority women. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66 (2), 472-490.
  • Liddell, M., Donegan, T., Goddard, C., & Tucci, J. (2006). The state of child protection: Australian child welfare and child protection developments 2005 . Melbourne: Australian Childhood Foundation and Monash University.
  • Link, B.G., Andrews, H., & Cullen, F.T. (1992). The violent and illegal behavior of mental patients reconsidered. American Sociological Review, 57 , 275-292.
  • Logan, T. K., Walker, R., Horvath, L. S., & Leukefeld, C. (2003). Divorce, custody, and spousal violence: A random sample of circuit court docket records. Journal of Family Violence, 18 (5), 269-279.
  • Logan, T. K., Walker, R., Jordan, C. E., & Horvath, L. S. (2002). Child custody evaluations and domestic violence: Case comparisons. Violence and Victims, 17 (6), 719-742.
  • Maccoby, E., & Mnookin, R. (1992). Dividing the child: The social and legal dilemmas of custody . Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.
  • MacDonald, H. (1998). What's in a name? Definitions and domestic violence. Melbourne: Domestic Violence and Incest Resource Centre.
  • McGleughlin, J., Meyer, S., & Baker, J. (1999). Assessing sexual abuse allegations in divorce, custody, and visitation disputes. In R. Galatzer-Levy & L. Kraus (Eds.), The scientific basis of child custody decisions (pp. 357-388). New York: John Wiley.
  • McGraw, J. M., & Smith, H. A. (1992). Child sexual abuse allegations amidst divorce and custody proceedings: Refining the validation process. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 1 (1), 49-62.
  • McInnes, E. (2006). The attitudes of separated resident mothers in Australia to child-father contact . Adelaide: National Council of Single Mothers and their Children.
  • McIntosh, J. (2003). Enduring conflict in parental separation: Pathways of impact on child development. Journal of Family Studies, 9 (1), 63-80.
  • McIntosh, J. (2006). The children's cases pilot project: An exploratory study of impacts on parenting capacity and child wellbeing. Final report to the Family Court of Australia . Melbourne: Family Transitions. Retrieved 30 April 2007, from http://www.familycourt.gov.au/presence/resources/file/eb000508dcbb97c/McIntosh_CCP_pilot_final.pdf
  • McIntosh, J., & Long, C. (2006). Children beyond dispute: A prospective study of outcomes from child focused and child inclusive post-separation family dispute resolution . Canberra: Attorney General's Department.
  • McIntosh, J., & Moloney, L. (2002) Child inclusive primary dispute resolution: Clinical demonstrations . Melbourne: Centre for Online and Multimedia Technology, La Trobe University.
  • McIntosh, J., & Moloney, L. (2006) Creating child focused dialogues with separated parents [DVD]. Melbourne: Centre for Online and Multimedia Technology, La Trobe University.
  • McIntosh, J., & Prinz, R. (1993). The incidence of alleged sexual abuse in 603 family court cases. Law & Human Behaviour, 17 , 95-101.
  • Mertin, P. (1995). A follow up study of children from domestic violence. Australian Journal of Family Law, 9 (1), 76-86.
  • Moloney, L. (2001). Researching the Family Law Act. A case of selective attention? Family Matters , 59, 64-73.
  • Moloney, L., & McIntosh, J. (2006). Creating child focused dialogues with separated parents: Theoretical and clinical underpinnings of child focused dispute resolution . Canberra: Australian Government Attorney General's Department.
  • Monahan, G. & Young, L. (2006). Family law in Australia (6th ed.). Sydney: Lexis Nexis.
  • Morrison, J. A., Frank, S. J., Holland, C. C., & Kates, W. R. (1999). Emotional development and disorders in young children in the child welfare system. In J. A. Silver, B. J. Amster, & T. Haecker (Eds.), Young children and foster care: A guide for professionals (pp. 33-64). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.
  • Mullender, S., Hague, G., Imam, U., Kelly, L., Malos, E., & Regan, L. (2002). Children's perspectives on domestic violence. London: Sage.
  • Murphy, P., & Pike, L. (2003). The Columbus pilot project: Developing a model for cost-outcome analysis on violence and child abuse cases in the Family Court of Western Australia. Journal of Family Studies, 9 (2) 235-247.
  • Myers, J. E. B. (1990). Allegation of child sexual abuse in custody and litigation: Recommendations for improved fact finding and child protection. Journal of Family Law, 28 (1), 1-28.
  • Nechvoglod, R. (1995). Domestic violence in South Australia: A preface to planning . Adelaide: Domestic Violence Resource Unit.
  • Newmark, L., Harrell, A., & Salem, P. (1995). Domestic violence and empowerment in custody and visitation cases. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 33 , 30-62.
  • Oates, R. K., Jones, D., Denson, D., Sirotnak, A., Gary, N., & Krugman, R. (1998). Erroneous concerns about child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24 , 149-157.
  • Ogloff, J. (2006a). The violent client: Advances in violence risk assessment. InPsych, 28 (5), 12-16.
  • Ogloff, J. (2006b). The psychopathy/antisocial personality disorder conundrum. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40 , 519-528.
  • Paradise, J., Rostain, A., & Nathanson, M. (1988). Substantiation of sexual abuse charges when parents dispute custody or visitation. Pediatrics, 81 (6), 835-839.
  • Parkinson, P. (1995). Custody, access and domestic violence. Australian Journal of Family Law, 9 (1), 41-57.
  • Parkinson, P. (2001). A plea for greater rigour in socio-legal research. Family Matters, 59 , 77-78.
  • Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia. (2003). Every picture tells a story: Report on the inquiry into child custody arrangements in the event of family separation . Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
  • Parton, N. (1985) The politics of child abuse. Macmillan Press. Hampshire.
  • Penfold, P. S. (1995). Mendacious moms or devious dads? Some perplexing issues in child custody/sexual allegations. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 400 , 337-341.
  • Perry, B. D. (2001). The neurodevelopmental impact of violence in childhood. In D. Schetky & E. Benedek (Eds.), Textbook of child and adolescent forensic psychiatry (pp. 221-238). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
  • Perry, B. D. (2002). Childhood experience and the expression of genetic potential: What childhood neglect tells us about nature and nurture. Brain and Mind, 3 , 79-100.
  • Peters, J. (1976). Children who are victims of sexual assault and the psychology of offenders. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 30 , 398-421.
  • Pizzey, E., (1973). Scream quietly or the neighbours will hear. London: Enslow.
  • Powers, J., Mooney, A., & Numo, M. (1990). Institutional abuse: A review of the literature. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 4 , 81-95.
  • Radford, L., Hester, M., Humphries, J., & Woodfield, K. (1997). For the sake of the children. The law, domestic violence and child contact in England. Women's Studies International Forum, 20 (4), 471-482.
  • Renzetti, C. M., Edleson, J. L., & Bergen, R. K. (2001). Violence against women. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Rhoades, H., Graycar, R., & Harrison, M. (2000). The Family Law Reform Act 1995 : The first three years . Sydney, NSW: Family Court of Australia and University of Sydney.
  • Richards, M. P. M. (Ed.). (1974). The integration of a child into a social world. London: Cambridge University Press.
  • Robin, M. (1991). The social construction of child abuse and "false allegations". Child & Youth Services, 15 (2), 1-34.
  • Rodgers, B., Smyth, B., & Robinson, E. (2004). Mental health and the family law system. Journal of Family Studies, 10 (1), 56-70.
  • Rousseau, J.-J. (1911). Emile (B. Foxley, Trans.). Melbourne: Everyman's Library. (Original work published 1762)
  • Ryle, G. (1968). The thinking of thoughts: What is "le penseur" doing? (University Lecture No. 18). Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 30 April 2007, from: http://www.culturaleconomics.atfreeweb.com/Anno/Ryle%20Thinking%20of%20Thoughts%20USASK%201968.htm
  • Schuman, D. (1986). False allegations of physical and sexual abuse. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law , 14, 5-21.
  • Scutt, J. (1983). Even in the best of homes: Violence in the family. Melbourne: Penguin.
  • Settle, S., & Lowery, C. R. (1982). Child custody decisions: content analysis of a judicial survey. Journal of Divorce, 6 , 125-138.
  • Shaffer, M., & Bala, N. (2003). Wife abuse, child custody and access in Canada. In R. A. Geffner, R. S. Igelman, & J. Zellner (Eds.), The effects of intimate partner violence on children (pp. 253-276). New York: Haworth Maltreatment & Trauma Press.
  • Shalansky, C., Eriksen, J., & Henderson, A. (1999). Abused women and child custody: The ongoing exposure to abusive ex-partners. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 29 (2), 416-426.
  • Shea Hart, A. (2004). Children exposed to domestic violence: Undifferentiated needs in Australian family law. Australian Journal of Family Law, 18 (2), 170-192.
  • Sheehan, G., & Smyth, B. (2000). Spousal violence and post-separation financial outcomes. Australian Journal of Family Law, 14 , 102-118.
  • Shepard, N. (1992). Child-visiting and domestic abuse. Child Welfare, 71 , 357-367.
  • Shields, J. (Producer). (2007, 18 February). Parental alienation [Radio broadcast]. Background Briefing. Sydney: ABC Radio National. Transcript retrieved 29 March 2007, from http://www.abc.net.au/rn/backgroundbriefing/stories/2007/1847340.htm#
  • Silverman, A. B., Reinherz, H. Z., & Giaconia, R. M. (1996). The long-term sequelae of child and adolescent abuse: A longitudinal community study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20 (8), 709-723.
  • Smart, C., May, V., Wade, A., & Furniss, C. (2003). Residence and contact disputes in court: Volume 1. London: Department for Constitutional Affairs.
  • Smart, C., May, V., Wade, A., & Furniss, C. (2005). Residence and contact disputes in court: Volume 2. London: Department for Constitutional Affairs.
  • Sorensen, E., Goldman, J., Ward, M., Albanese, I., Graves, L., & Chamberlain, C. (1995). Judicial decision-making in contested custody cases: The influence of reported child abuse, spouse abuse, and parental substance abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19 (2), 251-260.
  • Stanley, J. (1997). The hostage theory: An exploration of its presence and importance as a partial explanation of protection failure . Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Monash University, Melbourne.
  • Stermac, L., Davidson, A., & Sheridan, P. (1995). Incidence of non-sexual violence in incest offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Crisminology , 29, 167-178.
  • Straus, M. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict tactic scales. Journal of Marriage and Family, 41 , 75-88.
  • Straus, M. (1999). The controversy over domestic violence by women: A methodological, theoretical and sociology of science analysis. In X. B. Arriaga & S. Oskamp (Eds.), Violence in intimate relationships (pp. 17-44). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Straus, M., & Gelles, R. (1990). Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8145 families . New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers.
  • Straus, M., Gelles, R., & Steinmetz, S. (1980). Behind closed doors: Violence in the American family. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.
  • Swan, N. (1998). Exploring the role of child abuse on later drug abuse: Researchers face broad gaps in information. NIDA Notes, 13 (2). Retrieved 27 April 2006, from http://www.nida.nih.gov/NIDA_Notes/NNVol13N2/exploring.html
  • Swan, S., & Snow, D. (2002). A typology of women's use of violence in intimate relationships. Violence Against Women, 8 , 286-319.
  • Taylor, N., & Mouzos, J. (2006). Two steps forward, one step back: Community attitudes to violence against women . Melbourne: VicHealth.
  • Teicher, M. D. (2000). Wounds that time won't heal: The neurobiology of child abuse. Cerebrum: The Dana Forum on Brain Science, 2 (4), 50-67.
  • Thoennes, N., & Pearson, J. (1988). Summary of findings from Sexual Abuse Allegations Project. In B. Nicholson & J. Bulkey (Eds.), Sexual abuse allegations in custody and visitation cases . Washington, DC: National Legal Resources Center for Child Advocacy and Protection.
  • Thoennes, N., & Tjaden, P. G. (1990). The extent, nature, and validity of sexual abuse allegations in custody/visitation disputes. Child Abuse & Neglect, 14 (2), 151-163.
  • Thomlison, B. (1997). Risk and protective factors in child maltreatment. In M. W. Fraser (Ed.), Risk and resilience in childhood: An ecological perspective . Washington, DC: NASW Press.
  • Tolan, P., Gorman-Smith, D., & Henry, D. (2006). Family violence. Annual Review of Psychology, 57 , 557-583.
  • Tolman, R. (1992). Psychological abuse of women. In R. Ammerman & M. Hersen (Eds.), Assessment of family violence: A clinical and legal sourcebook . New York: Wiley.
  • Tomison, A. (1999). Professional decision making and the management of actual or suspected child abuse and neglect cases . Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Monash University, Melbourne.
  • Tomison, A. (2000). Exploring family violence: Links between child maltreatment and domestic violence (Issues in Child Abuse Prevention No. 13). Melbourne: National Child Protection Clearinghouse.
  • Tonge, B. J. (1980). We thought it was a secret! An approach to management of emotional disorder in children with parents in marital conflict. Australian Journal of Family Therapy, 1 (2), 50-56.
  • Tritt, A., & Pryor, J. (2005) The relationship between perceived marital conflict, attitudes towards parenting and parenting styles experienced by adolescents. Journal of Family Studies, 11 (2), 284-296.
  • Trocmé, N., & Bala, N. (2005). False allegations of abuse and neglect when parents separate. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29 , 1333-1345.
  • Trocmé, N., Fallon, B. J., MacLaurin, B., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Knoke, D., et al. (2005). Canadian incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect . Ottawa, Canada: Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Canada.
  • Trocmé, N., Fallon, B. J., MacLaurin, B., Daciuk, J., Bartholomew, S., Ortiz, F., et al. (2002). Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect . Toronto, Canada: Center of Excellence for Child Welfare, Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto.
  • Trocmé, N., McPhee, D., Tam, K. K., & Hay, T. (1994). Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect . Toronto, Canada: Institute for the Prevention of Child Abuse.
  • Truesdell, D., McNeil, J., & Deschner, J. (1986). Incidence of wife abuse in incestuous families. Social Work, March-April , 138-140.
  • Tucci, J., Goddard. C., & Mitchell, J. (2003). Tolerating violence against children: Community attitudes about child abuse in Australia . Ringwood: Australian Childhood Foundation.
  • Turkat, I. D. (1995). Divorce related malicious mother syndrome. Journal of Family Violence, 10 (3), 253-264.
  • US Department of Health and Human Services. (2006). Child maltreatment 2004. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved 27 April 2006, from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm04/cm04.pdf
  • Varcoe, C., & Irwin, L. G. (2004). "If I killed you, I'd get the kids": Women's survival and protection work and child custody and access in the context of women abuse. Qualitative Sociology, 27 (1), 77-99.
  • Ver Steegh, N. (2005). Differentiating types of domestic violence: Implications for child custody. Louisiana Law Review, 65 , 1379-1431.
  • VicHealth. (2006). VicHealth review of communication components of social marketing/public education campaigns focusing on violence against women . Melbourne: Author.
  • Victorian Law Reform Commission. (2006). Review of family violence laws. Melbourne: Victorian Law Reform Commission.
  • Wakefield, H. & Underwager, R. (1990). Personality characteristics of parents making false accusations of sexual abuse in custody disputes. Issues in Child Abuse Accusations, 2 (3), 121-136.
  • Walker, L. (1984). The battered woman syndrome. New York: Springer.
  • Waller, E. M., & Daniel, A. E. (2004). Purpose and utility of child custody evaluations: From the perspective of judges. Journal of Psychiatry & Law, 33 (1), 5-27.
  • Widom, C. S., & Maxfield, M. G. (2001). An update on the "cycle of violence". Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. Retrieved 27 April 2006, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/184894.pdf
  • Wilson, T. (2002). False allegations of abuse: Not as common as the father's rights and false allegations group want the public to think . Retrieved 24 November 2005, from: http://members.aol.com/asherah/falsealleg.html
  • Yates, A. & Musty, T. (1987). Young children's false allegations of molestation. Paper presented at the 140th Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Chicago, IL.
  • Yeatman, A. (1979). Children and coercive parental authority: Towards a sociological perspective. In J. Scutt (Ed.), Violence in the family (pp. 15-26). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  • Young, L. (1998). Child sexual abuse allegations in the family court of Western Australia: An old light on a new problem. Sister in Law, 3 , 98-121.