Allegations of family violence and child abuse in family law children's proceedings

A pre-reform exploratory study
Research Report No. 15 – May 2007

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Appendix B: Coding frame for the three-category typology of family violence and child abuse176

Table Appendix B: Coding frame for the three-category typology of family violence and child abuse 176
Category A Category B Category C

No category 2 or 3 allegations made

The following features are present:

  • No injuries noted
  • Outcomes not specified or outcomes confined to emotional upset and/or estrangement

No category 3 allegations made. All allegations had one of more of the following features:

  • Any action, whether or not specifically reported, that resulted in a bruise, scratch or minor cut not requiring stitches
  • Kicking or use of an object other than a weapon3 (i.e. throwing an object, hitting with an object) resulting in no reported injury or a "low level" injury, such as a bruise or scratch
  • Threat to hit with an object
  • Intervention order noted
  • Stalking

One or more of the following present:

  • Significant fear for one's life or life of other family member(s) or individuals associated with the family
  • Any injury other than a scratch, bruise or minor cut not requiring stitches
  • Any injury that resulted in miscarriage, or injury to an unborn child
  • Use of or threat to use a weapon
  • Beating or threat to beat
  • Choking or threat to choke
  • Burning or threat to burn
  • Hitting with a fist or threatening to hit with a fist
  • Sexual assault or threat to sexually assault
  • Child abduction or threat of child abduction

176 Based on categorisation of formal allegations made specifically in the context of proceedings in the Family Court of Australia and the Federal Magistrates Court (by case).