Text description: Having children

Key trends

  • While the total fertility rate rose for the most part of the first decade of the new millennium after a progressive decline in the 1990s, there has been a downward trend in recent years.
  • The age at which women have their first child has risen substantially over time. 
  • Australian family size has become smaller with women having fewer children overall. Two children have become the most common family size, and large families (three or more children) have become less common. Only children and no children have been on the rise.
  • Women with higher levels of education tend to have fewer children than women who do not have post-school qualifications, but these differences have become less pronounced in recent times.
  • While few young people in their early twenties had children, most indicated they want to and were likely to have children in the future.

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