Elder abuse text descriptions

Box 5.2 Infographic: How many people experience elder abuse?

Elder abuse overall: 597,967 (lower: 555,000; upper: 640,900)

  • Financial abuse: 83,787 (lower: 67,500; upper: 100,100)
  • Physical abuse: 71,932 (lower: 55,000; upper: 87,900)
  • Sexual abuse: 39,472 (lower: 28,631; upper: 50,313)
  • Psychological abuse: 471,288 (lower: 432,500; upper: 510,100)
  • Neglect: 115,529 (lower 95,500; upper: 135,600)

<< Return to Box 5.2.

Chapter 6

  • Socio-economic status, relationship type and housing type are associated with higher or lower risks of experiencing abuse.
  • People who were living with a partner were less likely to experience abuse.
  • People in lower SEIFA brackets and people who own a home with debt or are in rental housing were more likely to experience financial, sexual and psychological abuse.
  • Older people with poorer health or a disability were more likely to experience elder abuse.
  • Older people with poor mental health had a higher likelihood of experiencing elder abuse.
  • Less frequent contact with family members and friends and a lower sense of social support were associated with an elevated likelihood of experiencing elder abuse.

<< Return to Chapter 6.

Box 5.2: How many people experience elder abuse?

Infographic:

Elder abuse overall: 597,967 (lower: 555,000; upper: 640,900)

  • Financial abuse: 83,787 (lower: 67,500; upper: 100,100)
  • Physical abuse: 71,932 (lower: 55,000; upper: 87,900)
  • Sexual abuse: 39,472 (lower: 28,631; upper: 50,313)
  • Psychological abuse: 471,288 (lower: 432,500; upper: 510,100)
  • Neglect: 115,529 (lower 95,500; upper: 135,600)

<< Return to Box 5.2.

Figure 5.1: Survey of Older People: Participants who were classified as experiencing financial abuse – proportion reporting each financial abuse item and number of items reported

Bar chart:

  • Pressured you into giving or loaning them money, possessions or property - 41.5%
  • Taken your money, possessions or property without your permission - 34%
  • Not contributed to household expenses such as rent, food or aged care/home service fees where it was previously agreed - 31.4%
  • Deliberately prevented you from accessing or using your money, possessions or property - 10.4%
  • Pressured you to make or change your will - 9.5%
  • Made financial decisions for you without your permission - 6.6%
  • Done anything else to harm you financially - 28.1%
  • 1 item - 67.7%
  • 2 or more items - 32.3%

<< Return to Figure 5.1.

Figure 5.2: Survey of Older People: Participants who were classified as experiencing physical abuse – proportion reporting each physical abuse item and number of items reported

Bar chart:

  • Threatened to harm you in any way - 60.7%
  • Grabbed, pushed or shoved you - 46.6%
  • Hit, punched, kicked or slapped you - 22.3%
  • Threatened you with a weapon - 15.3%
  • Tied or held you down, or restrained you in any other way, or locked you up - 7.1%
  • Given you drugs or too much medicine in order to control you/make you docile - 4.3%
  • Injured you with a weapon - 1.5%
  • Hurt you physically in any other way - 14.3%
  • 1 item - 57.1%
  • 2 or more items - 42.9%

<< Return to Figure 5.2.

Figure 5.3: Survey of Older People: Participants who were classified as experiencing sexual abuse - proportion reporting each sexual abuse item and number of items reported

Bar chart:

  • Talked to you in a sexual way when you did not want - 76.5%
  • Touched you in a sexual way against your will - 32.2%
  • Forced you to engage in sexual acts against your will - 15.9%
  • Tried to engage you in any other unwanted sexual experience(s) - 34.1%
  • 1 item - 65.3%
  • 2 or more items - 34.7%

<< Return to Figure 5.3.

Figure 5.4: Survey of Older People: Participants who were classified as experiencing psychological abuse - proportion reporting each psychological abuse item, by psychological abuse score (band)

Bar chart:

  • Insulted you, called you names or swore at you in a way you found offensive or aggressive
    • Band 1 (mild) 34.6%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 62.7%
    • Total (all bands) 49%
  • Excluded you or repeatedly ignored you
    • Band 1 (mild) 26.7%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 65.2%
    • Total (all bands) 46.4%
  • Undermined or belittled what you do
    • Band 1 (mild) 33.1%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 59.1%
    • Total (all bands) 46.4%
  • Prevented you from seeing or contacting family members or your doctor/nurse
    • Band 1 (mild) 3.5%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 25%
    • Total (all bands) 14.5%
  • Threatened to harm others that you care about
    • Band 1 (mild) 4.7%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 15.5%
    • Total (all bands) 10.2%
  • Threatened to harm themselves if you don’t do what they ask
    • Band 1 (mild) 2.1%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 6.5%
    • Total (all bands) 4.4%
  • Done anything else to cause you emotional distress
    • Band 1 (mild) 37.4%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 53.1%
    • Total (all bands) 45.5%

<< Return to Figure 5.4.

Figure 5.5: Survey of Older People: Participants who were classified as experiencing neglect - proportion reporting each neglect item, by neglect score (band)

Bar chart:

  • Doing routine housework
    • Band 1 (mild) 77.8%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 82.9%
    • Total (all bands) 79.8%
  • Travel or transport
    • Band 1 (mild) 66.3%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 74.1%
    • Total (all bands) 69.4%
  • Shopping for groceries or clothes
    • Band 1 (mild) 57.2%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 55.5%
    • Total (all bands) 56.6%
  • Preparing meals
    • Band 1 (mild) 50.6%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 54.8%
    • Total (all bands) 52.3%
  • Personal care such as washing or bathing (including getting in and out of bath or shower), dressing or undressing
    • Band 1 (mild) 25.8%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 25.3%
    • Total (all bands) 25.6%
  • Taking the right amount of medicine at the right times
    • Band 1 (mild) 27.6%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 20.9%
    • Total (all bands) 25%
  • Getting in and out of bed
    • Band 1 (mild) 17.4%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 19.2%
    • Total (all bands) 18.1%
  • Eating, including cutting up food
    • Band 1 (mild) 18.8%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 13.8%
    • Total (all bands) 16.9%
  • Getting to and using the toilet
    • Band 1 (mild) 14.9%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 18%
    • Total (all bands) 16.1%
  • Any other day-to-day activity
    • Band 1 (mild) 59.2%
    • Bands 2 and 3 (moderate-severe) 55.9%
    • Total (all bands) 57.9%

<< Return to Figure 5.5.

Figure 5.6: Survey of the General Community: Concerns about older family members and friends

Bar chart:

  • Psychological: abused them emotionally - 10.5%
  • Financial: taken advantage of them financially - 10.1%
  • Neglect: failed to provide adequate care with routine activities or personal care when needed - 7.4%
  • Physical: physically hurt or mistreated them - 3.6%
  • Sexual: abused them sexually - 0.3%
  • At least one of these concerns - 17.4%

<< Return to Figure 5.6.

Figure 5.7: Survey of the General Community: Number of concerns reported about older family members and friends

Pie chart:

  • No concerns - 82.6%
  • 1 concern - 8.4%
  • 2 or more concerns - 8.9%

<< Return to Figure 5.7.

Figure 6.1: Prevalence of elder abuse by gender

Bar chart:

  • Any form of abuse*
    • men 13.6%
    • women 15.9%
  • Financial abuse
    • men 2.1%
    • women 2%
  • Neglect*
    • men 2.2%
    • women 3.5%
  • Physical abuse
    • men 2%
    • women 1.6%
  • Psychological abuse*
    • men 10.7%
    • women 12.6%
  • Sexual abuse
    • men 0.7%
    • women 1.2%

<< Return to Figure 6.1.

Figure 6.2: Prevalence of elder abuse by age

Bar chart:

  • Any form of abuse***
    • age 65–59 20.3%
    • age 70–74 14.9%
    • age 75–79 11.5%
    • age 80–84 11.1%
    • age 85+ 9.4%
  • Financial abuse
    • age 65–59 2.7%
    • age 70–74 1.8%
    • age 75–79 1.9%
    • age 80–84 1.7%
    • age 85+ 1.8%
  • Neglect**
    • age 65–59 4.1%
    • age 70–74 2.3%
    • age 75–79 1.8%
    • age 80–84 2.7%
    • age 85+ 2.9%
  • Physical abuse**
    • age 65–59 2.8%
    • age 70–74 1.7%
    • age 75–79 1.1%
    • age 80–84 1.4%
    • age 85+ 0.5%
  • Psychological abuse***
    • age 65–59 16.8%
    • age 70–74 12.1%
    • age 75–79 9%
    • age 80–84 8.2%
    • age 85+ 4.7
  • Sexual abuse***
    • age 65–59 1.5%
    • age 70–74 1.4%
    • age 75–79 0.3%
    • age 80–84 0.4%
    • age 85+ 0.4%

<< Return to Figure 6.2.

Figure 6.3: Prevalence of elder abuse by age and gender

Bar chart:

Men:

  • Any form of abuse**
    • age 65–59 18.7%,
    • age 70–74 12.1%,
    • age 75–79 10.6%,
    • age 80–84 11.1%,
    • age 85+ 11.8%
  • Financial abuse
    • age 65–59 3.1%,
    • age 70–74 1.4%,
    • age 75–79 1.9%,
    • age 80–84 1.5%,
    • age 85+ 2.3%
  • Neglect age
    • age 65–59 2.9%,
    • age 70–74 1.2%,
    • age 75–79 1.6%,
    • age 80–84 2.7%,
    • age 85+ 3%
  • Physical abuse
    • age 65–59 3%,
    • age 70–74 1.6%,
    • age 75–79 1.6%,
    • age 80–84 1.9%,
    • age 85+ 0.5%
  • Psychological abuse***
    • age 65–59 15.4%,
    • age 70–74 10.3%,
    • age 75–79 8.2%,
    • age 80–84 8%,
    • age 85+ 6.1%

Women:

  • Any form of abuse***
    • age 65–59 21.7%,
    • age 70–74 17.3%,
    • age 75–79 12.4%,
    • age 80–84 11.1%,
    • age 85+ 7.3%
  • Financial abuse
    • age 65–59 2.3%,
    • age 70–74 2.2%,
    • age 75–79 1.9%,
    • age 80–84 1.9%,
    • age 85+ 1.3%
  • Neglect**
    • age 65–59 5.1%,
    • age 70–74 3.2%,
    • age 75–79 2.0%,
    • age 80–84 2.7%,
    • age 85+ 2.9%
  • Physical abuse**
    • age 65–59 2.7%,
    • age 70–74 1.7%,
    • age 75–79 0.7%,
    • age 80–84 1.0%,
    • age 85+ 0.6%
  • Psychological abuse***
    • age 65–59 17.9%,
    • age 70–74 13.7%,
    • age 75–79 9.9%,
    • age 80–84 8.5%,
    • age 85+ 3.4%

<< Return to Figure 6.3.

Figure 7.1: Survey of Older People: Relationship of perpetrators to the participant, by subtypes and overall (as % of perpetrators)

Bar chart:

  • Any form of abuse
    • Partner/spouse - 10.4%

    • Son daughter - 18.0%
    • Step-son/daughter - 2.2%
    • Grandson/daughter - 3.6%
    • Brother/sister - 3.4%
    • Brother/sister in-law - 1.3%
    • Son/daughter in-law - 7.4%
    • Other family members - 5.2%
    • Ex-partner/spouse - 1.4%
    • Friend - 11.6%
    • Neighbour - 6.6%
    • Professional carer - 3.0%
    • Service provider - 5.8%
    • Acquaintance - 9.4%
    • Other - 3.3%
  • Financial
    • Partner/spouse - 4.8%

    • Son daughter - 33.0%
    • Step-son/daughter - 3.5%
    • Grandson/daughter - 4.5%
    • Brother/sister - 6.7%
    • Brother/sister in-law - 4.1%
    • Son/daughter in-law - 2.7%
    • Other family members - 3.9%
    • Ex-partner/spouse - 0.5%
    • Friend - 8.8%
    • Neighbour - 4.8%
    • Professional carer - 0.5%
    • Service provider - 5.9%
    • Acquaintance - 2.5%
    • Other - 3.6%
  • Neglect
    • Partner/spouse - 25.0%

    • Son daughter - 23.9%
    • Step-son/daughter -0.5%
    • Grandson/daughter - 3.2%
    • Brother/sister - 2.6%
    • Brother/sister in-law - 0.0%
    • Son/daughter in-law - 3.2%
    • Other family members - 0.8%
    • Ex-partner/spouse - 1.1%
    • Friend - 10.0%
    • Neighbour - 1.4%
    • Professional carer - 13.7%
    • Service provider - 13.4%
    • Acquaintance - 0.0%
    • Other - 1.3%
  • Physical
    • Partner/spouse - 11.6%

    • Son daughter - 16.8%
    • Step-son/daughter - 6.1%
    • Grandson/daughter - 4.8%
    • Brother/sister - 1.7%
    • Brother/sister in-law - 0.0%
    • Son/daughter in-law - 2.4%
    • Other family members - 4.7%
    • Ex-partner/spouse - 2.0%
    • Friend - 10.0%
    • Neighbour -11.6%
    • Professional carer - 1.1%
    • Service provider - 2.6%
    • Acquaintance - 8.5%
    • Other - 5.3%
  • Psychological
    • Partner/spouse - 7.8%

    • Son daughter - 17.8%
    • Step-son/daughter - 2.4%
    • Grandson/daughter - 4.0%
    • Brother/sister - 3.3%
    • Brother/sister in-law - 1.3%
    • Son/daughter in-law - 10.1%
    • Other family members - 6.7%
    • Ex-partner/spouse - 1.7%
    • Friend - 9.6%
    • Neighbour - 7.5%
    • Professional carer - 0.6%
    • Service provider - 3.6%
    • Acquaintance - 12.2%
    • Other - 2.5%
  • Sexual
    • Partner/spouse - 9.0%

    • Son daughter - 1.5%
    • Step-son/daughter - 0.0%
    • Grandson/daughter - 0.0%
    • Brother/sister - 0.0%
    • Brother/sister in-law - 0.0%
    • Son/daughter in-law - 0.4%
    • Other family members - 1.4%
    • Ex-partner/spouse - 2.6%
    • Friend - 41.5%
    • Neighbour - 9.3%
    • Professional carer - 0.0%
    • Service provider - 3.3%
    • Acquaintance - 13.3%
    • Other - 10.4%

<< Return to Figure 7.1.

Figure 7.2: Survey of Older People: Relationship of perpetrators to older people who experienced at least one type of abuse and are from a CALD background

Bar chart:

  • Partner/spouse - 8.1%
  • Son/daughter - 12.5%
  • step-son/daughter - 2.2%
  • Grandson/daughter - 2.7%
  • Brother/sister - 7.1%
  • Brother/sister in-law - 2.1%
  • Son/daughter in-law - 11.3%
  • Other family members - 4.6%
  • Ex-partner/spouse - 0.6%
  • Friend - 17.6%
  • Neighbour - 4.9%
  • Professional carer - 1.9%
  • Service provider - 6.2%
  • Acquaintance - 9.5%
  • Other - 2.2%

<< Return to Figure 7.2.

Figure 7.3: Survey of the General Community: Perpetrators identified for reported concerns by subtype

Bar chart:

  • Son:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 31.1%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 15.4%
    • abused them emotionally - 25.8%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities 21.8%
  • Daughter:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 23.1%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 10.7%
    • abused them emotionally - 20.8%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 15.8%
  • Partner/spouse:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 7.1%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 13.4%
    • abused them emotionally - 12.7%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 6.4%
  • Other family member:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 27.6%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 14.9%
    • abused them emotionally - 24%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 19.7%
  • Professional carer:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 4.3%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 22.7%
    • abused them emotionally - 8.9%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 26.9%
  • Other professional:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 3.1%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 10.6%
    • abused them emotionally - 4.5%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 7.3%
  • Friend:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 5.1%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 2.7%
    • abused them emotionally - 2.6%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 1%
  • Neighbour:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 1.3%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 2%
    • abused them emotionally - 0.7%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 0.7%
  • Other person:
    • taken advantage of them financially - 4.3%
    • physically hurt or mistreated them - 3.9%
    • abused them emotionally - 4.7%
    • failed to provide adequate care with routine activities - 3.4%

<< Return to Figure 7.3.

Figure 8.1: Survey of Older People: Whether help or advice sought by persons who experienced each subtype of elder abuse in the previous 12 months

Stacked bar graph:

  • Financial:
    • yes - 30%
    • no - 65.8%
    • unclear - 4.2%
  • Physical:
    • yes - 50.3%
    • no - 49.7%
    • unclear - 0%
  • Sexual:
    • yes - 23.6%
    • no - 74%
    • unclear - 2.4%
  • Psychological:
    • yes - 39.8%
    • no - 59.3%
    • unclear - 0.9%
  • Psychological Band 1 (low):
    • yes - 27.7%
    • no - 71.8%
    • unclear - 0.5%
  • Psychological Band 2 & 3 (medium–high):
    • yes - 51.3%
    • no - 47.4%
    • unclear 1.3%
  • Neglect:
    • yes - 20.2%
    • no - 70.4%
    • unclear - 9.4%
  • Neglect Band 1 (low):
    • yes - 14.8%
    • no - 74.4%
    • unclear - 10.9%
  • Neglect Band 2 & 3 (medium-high):
    • yes - 28.5%
    • no - 64.4%
    • unclear - 7.1%
  • All types (combined):
    • yes - 36%
    • no - 61.5%
    • unclear - 2.5%

<< Return to Figure 8.1.

Figure 8.2: Survey of Older People: Proportion of participants reported action taken was effective by type of abuse

Stacked bar graph:

  • Financial:
    • yes 54.7%
    • no 37%
    • unclear 8.3%
  • Physical:
    • yes 61.1%
    • no 33.7%
    • unclear 5.2%
  • Sexual:
    • yes 66.4%
    • no 27.3%
    • unclear 6.3%
  • Psychological:
    • yes 58%
    • no 34.7%
    • unclear 7.3%
  • Neglect:
    • yes 64.5%
    • no 28.7%
    • unclear 6.8%

<< Return to Figure 8.2.

Figure 8.3: Survey of the General Community: Where an action was taken in response to concerns, what action was taken, by gender

Bar graph:

  • I spoke to the person causing the concerns:
    • men - 66.6%,
    • women - 66.2%,
    • all - 66.6%
  • A family member or friend spoke to the person causing the concerns:
    • men - 59.7%,
    • women - 61.5%,
    • all - 60.9%
  • I broke contact with or avoided the person involved causing the concerns:
    • men - 39%,
    • women - 36.8%,
    • all - 37.5%
  • A professional (social worker, doctor, nurse) spoke to the person:
    • men - 19.8%,
    • women - 27.3%,
    • all - 24.3%
  • I sought out a legal advice service for the person I’m concerned about:
    • men - 18.5%,
    • women - 22.3%,
    • all - 20.8%
  • I sought medication or counselling for the person I’m concerned about:
    • men - 7.7%,
    • women - 18.3%,
    • all - 14.2%
  • A restraining order or safety order was made against the person causing the concerns:
    • men 5.3%,
    • women 5.1%,
    • all 5.1%
  • Other:
    • men - 20.8%,
    • women - 25.2%,
    • all - 23.5%

<< Return to Figure 8.3.

Figure 9.1: Survey of Older People: Reports of seriousness of main perpetrator's behaviour, persons who experience each subtype of elder abuse in the previous 12 months

Bar graph:

  • Financial:
    • very serious - 30%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 34.5%
    • not serious - 31.9%
    • other - 3.7%
  • Physical:
    • very seriou -s 38.5%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 40.4%
    • not serious - 19.8%
    • other - 1.3%
  • Sexual:
    • very serious - 20%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 38.8%
    • not serious - 41.1%
    • other - 0%
  • Psychological:
    • very serious - 32.1%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 45.8%
    • not serious - 21%
    • other - 1.1%
  • Psychological Band 1 (low):
    • very serious - 19.2%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 50.6%
    • not serious - 29.3%
    • other - 0.9%
  • Psychological Band 2 & 3 (medium–high):
    • very serious - 44.4%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 41.3%
    • not serious - 13.1%
    • other - 1.2%
  • Neglect:
    • very serious - 7.3%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 35%
    • not serious - 47.6%
    • other - 10%
  • Neglect Band 1 (low):
    • very serious - 1.8%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 30.3%
    • not serious - 57%
    • other - 10.9%
  • Neglect Band 2 & 3 (medium-high):
    • very serious - 15.8%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 42%
    • not serious - 33.3%
    • other - 8.8%
  • All types (combined):
    • very serious - 28.2%
    • somewhat/moderately serious - 42.2%
    • not serious - 27%
    • other - 2.7%

<< Return to Figure 9.1.

Figure 10.1: Survey of Older People: Older persons with whom the family agreement arrangements were made, by gender

Bar chart:

  • Partner/spouse:
    • men - 27.1%
    • women - 7.7%
    • total - 16.6%
  • Son/daughter:
    • men - 33.2%
    • women - 46.9%
    • total - 41.3%
  • Grandson/daughter:
    • men - 2.7%,
    • women - 1.4%,
    • total - 2%
  • Brother/sister:
    • men - 5.3%
    • women - 4.3%
    • total - 4.7%
  • Son/daughter in-law:
    • men - 1.4%
    • women - 1.5%
    • total - 1.4%
  • Other family member:
    • men - 5.9%
    • women - 2.2%
    • total - 3.9%
  • Friend:
    • men 3%
    • women 6.4%
    • total 4.8%
  • Neighbour:
    • men - 0.6%
    • women - 0%
    • total - 0.3%
  • Professional carer:
    • men - 10.2%
    • women - 12.7%
    • total - 11.3%
  • Other service provider:
    • men - 9.4%
    • women - 16.4%
    • total - 12.9%

<< Return to Figure 10.1.

Figure 11.1: Survey of Older People: Proportion of participants who received each type of assistance with financial matters a

Bar chart:

  • Types of assistance received:
    • Paying bills, budgeting - 13.9%
    • Taxes - 27.2%
    • Banking - 10.3%
    • Managing pension (or Centrelink-related matters) or superannuation - 19.8%
    • Buying selling or managing your home or other real estate - 5.8%
    • Buying, selling or managing a business - 2.3%
    • Managing investments such as shares, trusts or mutual funds - 19.8%
  • Number of assistance types received: Assistance received: none - 53.3%
    • Assistance received: one - 20%
    • Assistance received: two - 12.7%
    • Assistance received: three - 7.2%
    • Assistance received: four or more - 6.8%

<< Return to Figure 11.1.

Figure 11.2: Survey of Older People: Proportion of participants who received each type of assistance with financial matters, by gender

Bar chart:

Types of assistance received:

  • Paying bills, budgeting
    • men - 14.1%
    • women - 13.6%
  • Taxes
    • men - 29.6%
    • women - 25.2%
  • Banking
  • men - 10.7%
  • women - 9.9%
  • Managing pension (or Centrelink-related matters) or superannuation
    • men - 21.6%
    • women - 18.3%
  • Buying selling or managing your home or other real estate
    • men - 5.7%
    • women - 5.9%
  • Buying, selling or managing a business
    • men - 2.6%
    • women - 2.1%
  • Managing investments such as shares, trusts or mutual funds
    • men - 20.8%
    • women - 19.0%

Number of assistance types received:

  • Assistance received: none
    • men - 51.5%
    • women - 54.8%
  • Assistance received: one
    • men - 19.6%
    • women - 20.3%
  • Assistance received: two
    • men - 13.4%
    • women - 12.1%
  • Assistance received: three or more
    • men - 15.4%
    • women - 12.8%

<< Return to Figure 11.2.

Figure 11.3: Survey of Older People: Proportion of participants who received each type of assistance with financial matters, by age

Bar chart:

  • Paying bills, budgeting
    • age 65–59 - 13%
    • 70–74 - 14.5%
    • 75–79 - 12.4%
    • 80–84 - 13.4%
    • 85+ - 18.5%
  • Taxes
    • age 65–59 - 34.3%
    • age 70–74 - 27.1%
    • age 75–79 - 24.6%
    • age 80–84 - 20.3%
    • age 85+ - 21.8%
  • Banking
    • age 65–59 - 9%
    • age 70–74 - 9.7%
    • age75–79 - 9.5%
    • age 80–84 - 11.4%
    • age 85+ - 15.5%
  • Managing pension (or Centrelink-related matters) or superannuation
    • age 65–59 - 23.3%
    • age 70–74 - 22.4%
    • age 75–79 - 18.4%
    • age 80–84 - 15.6%
    • age 85+ - 11.2%
  • Buying, selling or managing your home or other real estate
    • age 65–59 - 6%
    • age 70–74 - 6%
    • age 75–79 - 4.6%
    • age 80–84 - 6.7%
    • age 85+ - 5.1%
  • Buying, selling or managing a business
    • age 65–59 - 3%
    • age 70–74 - 1.8%
    • age 75–79 - 2.4%
    • age 80–84 - 2.6%
    • age 85+ - 1.1%
  • Managing investments such as shares, trusts or mutual funds
    • age 65–59 - 22%
    • age 70–74 - 20%
    • age 75–79 - 21.2%
    • age 80–84 - 16.3%
    • age 85+ - 15.6%

<< Return to Figure 11.3.

Figure 11.4: Survey of Older People: Older persons who received assistance in financial matters, who provided assistance with financial matters, by gender

Bar chart:

  • Financial planner
    • men - 71.3%
    • women - 58.5%
    • all - 64.7%
  • Partner/spouse
    • men - 21.9%
    • women - 21.1%
    • all - 21.5%
  • Son/daughter
    • men - 10%
    • women - 21.6%
    • all - 16%
  • Other service provider
    • men - 4%
    • women - 2.8%
    • all - 3.4%
  • Son/daughter in-law
    • men - 0.8%
    • women - 1.6%
    • all - 1.2%
  • Other family member
    • men - 0.9%
    • women - 1.3%
    • all - 1.1%

<< Return to Figure 11.4.

Figure 11.5: Survey of Older People: Older persons who received assistance in financial matters, who provided assistance with financial matters, by age

Bar chart by ages.

  • Financial planner
    • 65–59 - 71.2%
    • 70–74 - 71.5%
    • 75–79 - 63%
    • 80–84 - 50%
    • 85+ - 45.4%
  • Son/daughter
    • 65–59 - 8.4%
    • 70–74 - 10.2%
    • 75–79 - 16.7%
    • 80–84 - 28.2%
    • 85+ - 42%
  • Partner/spouse
    • 65–59 - 22.3%
    • 70–74 - 22.3%
    • 75–79 - 23.3%
    • 80–84 - 22.1%
    • 85+ - 11.2%
  • Other service provider
    • age 65–59 - 4.2%
    • 70–74 - 3.8%
    • 75–79 - 3.3%
    • 80–84 1.9%
    • 85+ - 1.5%
  • Son/daughter in-law
    • 65–59 - 0.7%
    • 70–74 - 0.8%
    • 75–79 - 1.3%
    • 80–84 17%
    • 85+ 3.4%
  • Other family member
    • 65–59 - 0.2%
    • 70–74 - 1.7%
    • 75–79 - 0.1%
    • 80–84 - 1.9%
    • 85+ - 3.8%

<< Return to Figure 11.5.

Figure 11.6: Survey of Older People: Older persons whose PIN was accessible by someone else, who had access to PIN, by gender of participant

Bar chart by gender:

  • Partner/spouse
    • Men 82.2%
    • Women 54.1%
    • All 69%
  • Son/daughter
    • Men 14.3%
    • Women 41.7%
    • All 27.2%
  • Brother/sister
    • Men 1.1%
    • Women 0.9%
    • All 1%
  • Son/daughter in-law
    • Men 0.2%
    • Women 1.9%
    • All 1%
  • Grandson/daughter
    • Men 0.3%
    • Women 1.6%
    • All 0.9%
  • Other family member
    • Men 0.9%
    • Women 0.8%
    • All 0.9%

<< Return to Figure 11.6.

Figure 11.7: Survey of Older People: Older persons whose PIN was accessible by someone else, who had access to PIN, by age of participant

Bar chart:

  • Partner/spouse
    • 65–59 - 80.4%
    • 70–74 - 79.1%
    • 75–79 - 73.5%
    • 80–84 - 52.7%
    • 85+ - 25.4%
  • Son/daughter
    • 65–59 - 15.9%
    • 70–74 - 18.1%
    • 75–79 - 24.6%
    • 80–84 - 42.6%
    • 85+ - 65.9%
  • Brother/sister
    • 65–59 - 1.9%,
    • 70–74 - 0.2%
    • 75–79 - 1.1%
    • 80–84 - 0.7%
    • 85+ - 0.9%
  • Son/daughter in-law
    • 65–59 - 0.6%
    • 70–74 - 1.6%
    • 75–79 - 0.4%
    • 80–84 - 1.2%
    • 85+ - 1.7%
  • Grandson/daughter
    • 65–59 - 0.1%
    • 70–74 - 0.8%
    • 75–79 - 1%
    • 80–84 - 1.7%
    • 85+ - 2.3%
  • Other family member
    • age 65–59 - 0.8%
    • 70–74 - 0%
    • 75–79 - 0.6%
    • 80–84 - 2%,
    • 85+ - 1.8%

<< Return to Figure 11.7.

Figure 11.8: Survey of the General Community: Proportion of SGC participants who provided various types of assistance with financial matters in the past 12 months

Bar chart:

  • Paying bills, budgeting/accounting/monitoring finances - 30.6%
  • Banking (e.g. withdrawing money from ATMs, using internet banking) - 26.6%
  • Managing pension (or Centrelink-related matters) or superannuation - 14.8%
  • Taxes (e.g. tax returns) - 11.2%
  • Buying, selling or managing a home or other real estate - 10.8%
  • Managing investments such as shares, trusts or mutual funds - 9.2%
  • Buying, selling or managing a business - 3.9%
  • At least one type of assistance - 42%

<< Return to Figure 11.8.

Figure 11.9: Survey of the General Community: Participants who provided assistance with financial matters, who received the assistance

Bar chart:

  • Relationship
    • Parent including step-parent - 55.8%
    • Grandparent including step-grandparent - 12.8%
    • Parent in-law - 10.8%
    • Other relativea - 8.5%
    • Friend 6.7%
    • Son/daughter including step-son/step-daughter 5.9%
    • Sibling including step-sibling - 4.2%
    • Unrelated personb - 3.6%
    • Partner/spouse - 2.9%
    • Otherc - 2.3%
  • Number of relationships assisting
    • One - 86.7%
    • Two - 11.8%
    • Three or more - 1.5%

<< Return to Figure 11.9.

Figure 11.10: Survey of the General Community: Type of financial matter, by age of oldest person receiving assistance

Bar chart:

  • Assist them with electronic transactions such as internet banking:
    • Age 30–64 - 47.3%
    • 65+–84 - 54.2%
    • 8+5+ - 53.9%
    • All - 52.4%
  • Pay for something with your money first and were subsequently reimbursed:
    • Age 30–64 - 46.2%
    • 65–84 - 50.5%
    • 85+ - 56.6%
    • All - 50.6%
  • Help fill in a financial form or prepare a financial document and get him/her to sign it:
    • Age 30–64 - 32.5%
    • 65–84 - 32.6%
    • 85+ - 42.5%
    • All - 34.5%
  • Need to use their PIN:
    • Age 30–64 - 20.3%
    • 65–84 - 24.1%
    • 85+ - 30.2%
    • All - 24.3%
  • Receive authorisation to operate their bank account or credit card through arrangement with bank:
    • Age 30–64 - 16.7%
    • 65–84 - 17.3%
    • 85+ -36.7%,
    • All - 21%
  • Help with Centrelink payments as a nominee:
    • Age 30–64 - 12.6%
    • 65–84 - 13.3%
    • 85+ - 17.8%
    • All - 14%
  • Need to make use of an existing power of attorney granted to you by that person:
    • Age 30–64 - 5%
    • 65–84 - 10.7%
    • 85+ - 26.1%
    • All - 12.3%
  • Act as an appointed administrator or financial manager by a guardianship or administration tribunal, board or court:
    • Age 30–64 - 1.5%
    • 65–84 - 5.2%
    • 85+ - 5.6%
    • All - 4.3%
  • At least one of the above:
    • Age 30–64 - 79.6%
    • 65–84 - 81.2%
    • 85+ - 87.4%
    • All - 82%

<< Return to Figure 11.10.

Figure 11.11: Survey of Older People: Proportion of participants who reported experience of financial abuse by whether receiving assistance on financial matters

Bar chart:

  • Men
    • No assistance 2.4%
    • Receiving assistance 1.8%
  • Women
    • No assistance 1.9%
    • Receiving assistance 2.3%
  • All
    • No assistance 2.1%
    • Receiving assistance 2%

<< Return to Figure 11.11.

Figure 12.1: SOP and SGC: Attitudes towards elder abuse

Bar chart

  • Survey of General Community (SGC)
    • Abuse of older people is common in our community:
      • strongly agree/agree 53.9%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 14.4%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 22.7%,
      • refused/don't know 8.9%
    • Most people turn a blind eye to or ignore abuse of older people:
      • strongly agree/agree 52.3%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 9.7%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 32.6%,
      • refused/don't know 5.4%
    • Abuse of older people is a private matter to be handled by the family:
      • strongly agree/agree 9.3%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 2.8%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 87%,
      • refused/don't know 1%
    • Abuse of older people can be understandable if the person committing the abuse is under a lot of stress in their lives:
      • strongly agree/agree 7.2%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 1.7%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 90.5%,
      • refused/don't know 0.5%
    • Abuse can be understandable if the older person is a difficult person to deal with:
      • strongly agree/agree 6.9%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 3.1%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 89.1%,
      • refused/don't know 0.9%
  • Survey of Older People (SOP)
    • Abuse of older people is common in our community:
      • strongly agree/agree 42.6%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 10.1%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 31.8%,
      • refused/don't know 15.5%
    • Most people turn a blind eye to or ignore abuse of older people:
      • strongly agree/agree 40.6%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 9.2%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 39.4%,
      • refused/don't know 10.8%
    • Abuse of older people is a private matter to be handled by the family:
      • strongly agree/agree 15.3%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 2.9%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 78.1%,
      • refused/don't know 3.7%
    • Abuse of older people can be understandable if the person committing the abuse is under a lot of stress in their lives:
      • strongly agree/agree 20.3%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 4.3%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 70.3%,
      • refused/don't know 5.1%
    • Abuse can be understandable if the older person is a difficult person to deal with:
      • strongly agree/agree 25.1%,
      • neither agree nor disagree 4.7%,
      • strongly disagree/disagree 65.9%,
      • refused/don't know 4.2%

<< Return to Figure 12.1.

Figure 12.2: SOP and SGC: Mean scores of scale of acceptance attitudes, by gender

Bar chart:

Men

  • SGC - 12.7%,
  • SOP - 30.6%

Women*

  • SGC - 8.4%,
  • SOP - 26.2%

<< Return to Figure 12.2.

Figure 12.3: SOP and SGC: Mean scores of scale of acceptance attitudes, by age

Bar graph******

  • <25 years mean score SGC - 14.8
  • 25–34* years mean score SGC - 10
  • 35–44* years mean score SGC - 8.9
  • 45–54* years mean score SGC - 9.2
  • 55–64* years mean score SGC - 10.3
  • 65–69 years mean score SOP - 22.7
  • 70–74* years mean score SOP - 26.1
  • 75–79* years mean score SOP - 30.6
  • 80–84* years mean score SOP - 35.2
  • 85+* years mean score SOP - 38.7

<< Return to Figure 12.3.

Figure 12.4: SOP and SGC: Views on various abusive behaviours

Bar chart:

SGC

  • Pushing or shoving an older person:
    • always - 91.2%
    • usually - 4.2%
  • Taking money from an older person without their consent:
    • always - 85.5%
    • usually - 6.8%
  • Calling an older person hurtful names:
    • always - 79.4%
    • usually - 7.9%
  • Talking to an older person in a sexual way when they do not want to:
    • always - 89%
    • usually - 3.7%
  • Selling an older person’s home without their consent:
    • always - 79.3%
    • usually - 8.4%
  • Not paying bills on the older person’s behalf when you said you would:
    • always - 67.1%
    • usually - 12%
  • Deliberately embarrassing an older person:
    • always - 75%
    • usually - 9.6%
  • Preventing an older person having contact with the outside world:
    • always - 72.6%
    • usually - 12.4%
  • Not providing help with personal activities such as dressing, washing, feeding when this is normally expected or provided:
    • always - 63.7%
    • usually - 14.9%
  • Withholding money from the older person Limiting contact with grandchildren:
    • always - 49.4%
    • usually - 16.6%
  • Threatening to send them to a residential aged care facility:
    • always - 58.9%
    • usually - 14.5%

SOP

  • Pushing or shoving an older person:
    • always - 86.1%
    • usually - 4.4%
  • Taking money from an older person without their consent:
    • always - 81.1%
    • usually - 6.8%
  • Calling an older person hurtful names:
    • always - 78%
    • usually - 6%
  • Talking to an older person in a sexual way when they do not want to:
    • always - 76.2%
    • usually - 6.5%
  • Selling an older person’s home without their consent:
    • always - 76%
    • usually - 6.5%
  • Not paying bills on the older person’s behalf when you said you would:
    • always - 74.9%
    • usually - 6.9%
  • Deliberately embarrassing an older person:
    • always - 73.3%
    • usually - 8%
  • Preventing an older person having contact with the outside world:
    • always - 68.3%
    • usually - 10.6%
  • Not providing help with personal activities such as dressing, washing, feeding when this is normally expected or provided:
    • always - 64.4%
    • usually - 11.1%
  • Withholding money from the older person:
    • always - 59.1%
    • usually - 11%
  • Limiting contact with grandchildren:
    • always - 58%
    • usually - 11%
  • Threatening to send them to a residential aged care facility:
    • always - 56.5%
    • usually - 10.6%

<< Return to Figure 12.4.

Figure 12.5: SOP and SGC: Mean scores of scale of recognising abusive behaviours, by gender

Bar chart:

  • Men
    • SGC - 82.5%
    • SOP - 82%
  • Women*
    • SGC - 87.6%
    • SOP - 85.9%

<< Return to Figure 12.5.

Figure 12.6: SOP and SGC: Mean scores of scale of recognising abusive behaviours, by age

Bar chart:

  • <25 years mean score SGC - 80.3
  • 25–34* years mean score SGC - 84
  • 35–44* years mean score SGC - 85.8
  • 45–54* years mean score SGC - 87
  • 55–64* years mean score SGC - 88.5
  • 65–69 years mean score SOP - 86.6
  • 70–74* years mean score SOP - 86.5
  • 75–79* years mean score SOP - 82.2
  • 80–84* years mean score SOP - 81
  • 85+* years mean score SOP - 76.9

<< Return to Figure 12.6.

Figure 12.7: Survey of the General Community: Bivariate analysis of the Ageism scale by gender - Mean score

Bar chart:

  • Men mean score - 39.2
  • Women* mean score - 35.7

<< Return to Figure 12.7.

Figure 12.8: Survey of the General Community: Ageism scale by age - Mean score

Bar chart:

  • <25 years mean score - 39.9
  • 25–34 years mean score - 37.9
  • 35–44* years mean score - 36.9
  • 45–54* years mean score - 36.7
  • 55–64* years mean score - 35.9

<< Return to Figure 12.8

Figure 12.9: Survey of the General Community: Bivariate analysis of the Intergenerational Support scale by gender - Mean score

Bar chart:

  • Men mean score - 67.4
  • Women* mean score - 65.6

<< Return to Figure 12.9

Figure 12.10: Survey of the General Community: Bivariate analysis of the Intergenerational Support scale by age - Mean score

Bar chart:

  • <25 years mean score - 70.3
  • 25–34 years mean score - 68.6
  • 35–44* years mean score - 66.9
  • 45–54* years mean score - 65.5
  • 55–64* years mean score - 61.2

<< Return to Figure 12.10

Figure 12.11: Survey of the General Community: Intergenerational Support Scale by country of birth - Mean score

Bar chart:

  • Australia: mean score - 64.9
  • New Zealand: mean score - 65.2
  • United Kingdom/Ireland*: mean score - 60.5
  • North and West Europe*: mean score - 54.4
  • South, East and South-East Europe: mean score - 70.4
  • Middle East, North Africa*: mean score - 77.9
  • South-East Asia*: mean score - 75
  • Chinese Asia: mean score - 67.7
  • South, Central Asia*: mean score - 82.3
  • North America: mean score - 63.7
  • Africa: mean score - 67.9

<< Return to Figure 12.11

Figure 14.1: Findings and implications in a socio-ecological framework

Key

  • *Research finding
  • **Implications
  • ***Recommendation for research
  • ****Broader issues
Findings and implications in a socio-ecological framework
Domain Victim Intersecting Perpetrator
Service system
  • **Screening and identification
  • **Referral
  • **Appropriate and accessible services (each subtype),
  • **including to meet care needs
  • **Reduce reliance on avoidant strategies
  • **Training for professionals
  • ***What do older people want from services?
  • **Design interventions that respond to the complex relationship context
  • ***How can interventions be designed to manage this context?
  • **Reduce opportunities for perpetrators
  • **Address perpetrator problems
  • ***Increase knowledge on what drives perpetrator behaviour
Community
  • *Family/friends most likely to receive disclosures of abuse
  • **Increase recognition of abuse
  • **Educate on how to respond to disclosures
  • **Increase awareness of services to address abuse
  • *Secrecy/lack of awareness and recognition of abuse
  • *Ageist attitudes
  • *Condoning attitudes
  • **Community role in looking out for older people
  • *Attitudes that condone abuse
  • **Recognise perpetrator behaviour and call it out
Family
  • *Divorce/separation
  • *Lack of family cohesion
  • *Relationship context inhibits disclosure/action, compounds impact
  • **Increase financial literacy especially among older women
  • ***Intergenerational support norms and practices
  • ***Family cohesion
  • *Entitlement
  • *Opportunity
  • *No/limited consequences
Individual
  • *Social isolation
  • *Mental ill-health
  • *Physical ill-health
  • *Disability
  • *Renting, mortgagor
  • *Dependence
  • *Co-residence
  • ***Previous histories of abuse, family violence, trauma
  • *Mental ill-health
  • *Financial problems
  • *Physical ill-health
  • *Substance misuse problems
  • *Unemployment
***Research to understand elder abuse for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, LGBTIQ, CALD (more detail) and those with cognitive impairment
****Policy and law should support prevention, identification, elective responses:'Elder abuse is everybody’s business'

<< Return to Figure 14.1

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