What works to improve Indigenous health?

A review of actions addressing the social and economic determinants of Indigenous health


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Content type
Commissioned report

December 2013

Commissioning Body

Closing the Gap Clearinghouse


There are significant health inequities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, and the health disadvantages experienced by Indigenous Australians are shaped by the broader social and economic conditions in which they live.

This paper reviews evidence relating to improving Indigenous outcomes and 'closing the gap' across a range of key social and economic determinants of health and wellbeing. It outlines what works, what doesn't, and what further research is needed.

This report was produced for the Closing the Gap Clearinghouse. The Clearinghouse was a Council of Australian Governments’ initiative jointly funded by all Australian Governments. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in collaboration with the Australian Institute of Family Studies was funded from 2009 to 2014 to deliver the Clearinghouse.